Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Generalized two stage least squares (G2SLS) estimation of parsimonious and extended models

From: Role of information and communication networks in malaria survival

  Model 1: Telephone Model 2: TV
  Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 1 Stage 2
Dep. Var. → Phone Death ratio TV Death ratio
Parsimonious models
Telephone   -0.421 (0.119) ***   
TV     -0.680 (0.164) ***
GDP 1.141 (0.108) ***   0.468 (0.106) ***  
Urban 0.020 (0.004) ***   0.030 (0.004) ***  
External res. for health -0.008 (0.005) -0.002 (0.009) -0.023 (0.005)*** -0.019 (0.011)*
Out-of-pocket health expend. 0.003 (0.002) -0.016 (0.004)*** 0.013 (0.002)*** -0.006 (0.004)
Constant -6.655 (0.935)*** -4.346 (0.641)*** -1.467 (0.928) -3.451 (0.805)***
N 236 236 221 221
R 2 0.73 0.22 0.67 0.14
F-stat 152.96 (0.000)*** 10.51 (0.000)*** 110.71 (0.000)*** 10.51 (0.000)***
Extended models
Telephone   -0.374 (0.199)*   
TV     -0.656 (0.207)***
GDP 0.687 (0.096)***   0.251 (0.111)**  
Urban 0.020 (0.003)***   0.030 (0.003)***  
External res. for health -0.014 (0.004) -0.004 (0.011) -0.025 (0.005)*** -0.022 (0.012)*
Out-of-pocket Health expend. 0.005 (0.002)** -0.018 (0.004)*** 0.012 (0.002)*** -0.008 (0.005)
Public health 0.084 (0.037)** -0.013 (0.092) -0.015 (0.045) -0.006 (0.090)
Immunization 0.026 (0.002)*** -0.011 (0.008) .0142 (0.003)*** -0.009 (0.006)
Constant -5.249 (0.755)*** -3.448 (0.555)*** -0.742 (0.883) -2.679 (0.777)***
N 236 236 221 221
R 2 0.83 0.23 0.71 0.16
F-stat 184.12 (0.000)*** 13.02 (0.000)*** 88.55 (0.000)*** 10.71 (0.000)***
  1. Note: ***, **, * imply significance at 1%, 5% and 10% levels, respectively; numbers in parentheses are the heteroscedasticity-corrected robust standard errors.