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Table 2 Comparisons of average values for a range of biochemical assays between F1 adult progeny An. funestus from field populations and the An. arabiensis Durban insecticide susceptible reference strain.

From: Monitoring the operational impact of insecticide usage for malaria control on Anopheles funestus from Mozambique

Area α-naphthyl acetate β-naphthyl acetate p450 GST AChE No. tested
ave. s.d ave. s.d ave. s.d ave. s.d % inhib. s.d
Benfica 0.083 0.045 0.36 0.045 1.65 0.11 0.08 0.02 62a 10.3 135
Boane 0.064 0.04 0.27 0.135 1.68 1.11 0.07 0.03 - - 44
Catuane 0.058 0.037 0.3 0.131 2.26 1.34 0.07 0.02 - - 89
Cotsuane 0.028 0.012 0.101 0.047 1.15 0.067 0.06 0.02 62a 12.6 121
Ferroviaro 0.09 0.029 0.397 0.104 1.15 0.456 0.06 0.017 72a 10.2 29
Infulene 0.108 0.065 0.593 0.286 1.4 0.39 0.07 0.019 72a 9.1 31
Magude Sede 0.103 0.072 0.414 0.241 1.7 0.68 0.05 0.012 75a 10 40
Manguiza 0.064 0.045 0.277 0.125 1.86 0.838 0.06 0.2 67a 15.6 159
Matola 0.08 0.059 0.36 0.23 1.4 0.55 0.067 0.026 71a 11.1 208
Motaze 0.081 0.05 0.321 0.18 2.3 1.11 0.069 0.018 71a 13.3 27
DurbanS 1.0 0.17 0.64 0.23 .56 0.25 0.14 0.11 98a 4.25 100
  1. α- naphthyl acetate: mMoles α-naphthol produced/min/mg protein. β- naphthyl acetate: mMoles β-naphthol produced/min/mg protein. p450: Equivalent units of cytochrome p450. GST: GST activity. AChE: average percentage inhibition of AChE by propoxur. a: those populations showing a significant difference, P < 0.001, to the DurbanS susceptible laboratory strain that may confer insecticide resistance.