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Table 2 The most common treatments prescribed for non-malarial febrile illnesses

From: Treatment of malaria restricted to laboratory-confirmed cases: a prospective cohort study in Ugandan children

Treatments* Total (%) n = 1602 Age < 5 years (%) n = 742 Age ≥ 5 years (%) n = 860 RR (95%CI) p-value
Paracetamol 1448 (90%) 655 (88%) 793 (92%) 1.0 (1.0–1.2) 0.003
Cough syrups 767 (48%) 394 (53%) 373 (43%) 1.2 (1.1–1.4) 0.0001
Vitamin C 696 (43%) 363 (49%) 333 (39%) 1.3 (1.1–1.4) <0.001
Amoxicillin 457 (29%) 233 (31%) 224 (26%) 1.2 (1.0–1.4)) 0.018
Other antibiotics 332 (21%) 181 (24%) 151 (18%) 1.4 (1.1–1.7) 0.001
Oral rehydration salts 199 (12%) 111 (15%) 88 (10%) 1.5 (1.1–1.9) 0.004
Vitamin A 63 (4%) 35 (5%) 28 (3%) 1.5 (0.9–2.4) 0.134
  1. * Patients may have been given more than one treatment
  2. RR = Relative risk for age < 5 years versus age ≥ 5 years