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Table 1 Characteristics of participants with clinically diagnosed malaria.

From: Household cost of malaria overdiagnosis in rural Mozambique

Description Private Government P value
   Child Adult Child Adult  
Sex Male (%) 25 (41) 10 (29) 69 (48 25 (34 P1 = 0.711
  Female (%) 36 (59) 25 (71) 74 (52) 48 (66) P2 = 0.424
  TOTAL 61 35 143 73  
Age (years) Mean 3.03 33.57 2.6 30.15 P1 = 0.095
  Range 0.5–13 18–60 0.2–14 16–61 P2 = 0.027
Occupation Unemployed (%)   3 (9)    
  Subsistence farmer (%)   11 (31)   4 (5)  
  Small trader (%)   4 (11)   21 (29)  
  State employee (%)   5 (14)   5 (7)  
  Professional (%) N/A 3 (9) N/A 10 (14)  
  Student (%)   4 (11)   2 (3)  
  Housewife (%)   4 (11)   10 (14)  
  Retired (%)   0   10 (14)  
  Other (%)   0   1 (1) 5(7)  
  Declined answer (%)   1 (3)   5(7)  
Malaria microscopy Positive (%) 83 (78) 43 (68) 197 (76) 74 (70) P1 = 0.968
  Negative (5) 24 (22) 20 (32) 62 (24) 32 (30) P2 = 0.862
  TOTAL 107 63 259 106  
Median household monthly expenditure US$*   36.96 41.3 39.13 39.13 P1 = 0.738
       P2 = 0.458
  1. N/A = not applicable. *Sample size for mean monthly expenditure estimate: child private = 35, adult private = 21, child government = 87, adult government = 41. P values generated by chi-square or Mann-Whitney tests comparing adult1 and child2 participants respectively between clinics.