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Table 1 IVM checklist for a vector control programme (modified from Hatch 1973 [9] and Challet 1991 [6]).

From: Integrated vector management for malaria control

Vector control elements General description Specific activities
Programme administration • How to manage of vector control? 1. Goal setting
   2. Policy development
   3. Developing staff duties
   4. Risk management
   5. Legislation development and enforcement
Financial and economic assessment • What is the economic burden of disease and how do you finance vector control? 1. Conduct cost-effectiveness analysis
   2. Financial planning: identifying source of revenue (i.e. taxes, lottery, income generation activities, etc.)
Facilities and equipment • What elements are needed to do vector control? 1. Selecting and assigning facilities
   2. Determining available and needed equipment
Vector surveillance • How to measure program effectiveness? 1. Vector population surveillance
Disease detection • How to determine the quality and quantity of control efforts? 1. Disease detection programme to monitor vector-borne disease parameters
Control activities • How to establish a guide to control operations that will use the most effective, yet environmentally sensitive method of vector control? 1. Determine appropriate control methods: i) environmental management, ii) biological control, iii) chemical control, iv) legislation
   2. Integrate efforts where possible to achieve synergy
Public education and relations • How to communicate and interact with community regarding vector control? 1. Personal public education
   2. Printed public education
   3. Customer service
   4. Multimedia education (i.e. TV and internet)
   5. Community outreach
Record/reporting/evaluation • How to evaluate the programme and achievement of goals? 1. Keeping, compiling and reporting activities
   2. Summarizing annual reports and linking to goals and objectives
   3. Analyze data to evaluate effectiveness
   4. Model data for ecological, human, vector, disease and control trends
Intergovernmental coordination/environmental planning • How to coordinate activities between stakeholders, which have mutual concerns for vector control, through interagency partnerships? 1. Contact between local and national governments
   2. Planning between vector control staff and environmental development staff
   3. Assessment of environmental impact related to vectors and pest
   4. Develop relationship with conservationist and wildlife enthusiast
Research • How to build research to determine how local conditions are changing in response to vector control and develop new approaches for control? 1. Incorporate applied basic research in the programme
   2. Review research design and statistical methods
Emergency preparedness • How to plan on how to dealing with disease situations and natural disasters? 1. Identify responsible agency that coordinates and communicates with the public
   2. Develop vector and disease surveillance that provide early alert to potential emergency conditions
   3. Key control actions to specific situation
   4. Reserve funding for emergency situations
Training and continuing Education • How to mandate elements for certified personnel? 1. Mandatory training to certify technicians each year
   2. Establish training programmes with sufficient budget
   3. Attend professional and society meetings