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Table 4 Reported knowledge on malaria by study areas and wealth quintiles (multiple responses)

From: Knowledge on the transmission, prevention and treatment of malaria among two endemic populations of Bangladesh and their health-seeking behaviour

  South-eastern districts North-eastern districts
  Household asset quintiles
  Poorest 3rd Quin. Least poor χ2 significance Poorest 3rd Quin. Least poor χ2 significance
Causes of malaria         
   Mosquito bite 84.8 90.7 95.5 p < 0.001 92.2 93.2 96.7 p < 0.001
   Fly/insect bite 4.6 5.0 6.5 ns 0.8 1.6 4.4 p < 0.001
   Not maintaining neat and cleanliness 7.9 10.6 13.4 p < 0.01 10.1 16.6 22.6 p < 0.001
   Others 8.0 5.3 3.4 p < 0.001 5.0 4.3 1.6 p < 0.001
Symptoms of malaria         
   Onset of fever with shivering 68.7 76.8 82.9 p < 0.001 76.3 85.0 86.5 p < 0.001
   Fever at intervals 17.6 20.6 21.0 ns 25.7 21.7 32.1 p < 0.05
   Remission of fever with sweating 7.9 10.6 13.4 p < 0.01 10.1 16.6 22.6 p < 0.001
   Others 21.9 17.8 16.1 p < 0.01 12.7 9.0 9.8 p < 0.001
Mode of transmission         
   By bite of any mosquito 30.8 33.4 39.3 p < 0.05 29.9 30.1 38.6 p < 0.001
   By bite of mosquito which has bitten a malarial patient 30.5 40.1 43.0 p < 0.001 23.7 30.9 43.7 p < 0.001
   Don't know 31.0 32.9 18.6 p < 0.001 39.5 32.0 19.3 p < 0.001
   Other 1.9 4.0 3.7 p < 0.05 6.4 9.7 4.9 p < 0.001
Mode of prevention         
   Preventing breeding of mosquito 6.8 13.1 17.8 P < 0.001 8.9 17.9 26.4 p < 0.001
   Using bed net 70.1 84.4 89.4 P < 0.001 84.6 80.4 87.1 p < 0.001
   Using insecticidal bed net 0.7 1.5 1.2 ns 0.9 2.7 2.3 p < 0.05
   Using mosquito repellent/coil 8.0 15.6 24.6 P < 0.001 13.2 16.4 32.6 p < 0.001
   Other 16.9 12.5 8.8 p < 0.001 10.1 11.9 7.0 p < 0.001
Mode of treatment         
   Allopathic treatment 92.6 95.7 98.6 p < 0.001 97.2 98.5 98.6 p < 0.05
   Traditional (Herbal/Kabiraji) 2.4 1.6 1.7 ns 1.2 1.0 1.2 ns
   Faith healing 0.2 0.6 0.6 ns 0.2 0.2 0.4 ns
   Homeopathic 0.2 0.1 0.5 ns 0.1 0.2 0.5 ns
   Other 1.5 0.6 0.0 p < 0.05 0.6 0.0 0.0 p < 0.001
Source of information         
   Govt. health worker 17.8 21.6 22.1 ns 28.1 22.3 26.2 p < 0.05
   NGO health worker 23.9 29.7 19.5 p < 0.001 14.3 17.5 16.7 ns
   Radio/TV/Newspaper 5.3 13.5 32.4 p < 0.001 4.1 10.5 31.6 p < 0.001
   Poster/leaflet 0.9 1.8 6.9 p < 0.001 0.3 2.1 2.7 p < 0.001
   Neighbours/relatives 43.9 35.0 28.1 p < 0.001 50.6 53.7 37.9 p < 0.001
   Self 12.4 15.0 21.4 p < 0.001 13.3 13.8 18.3 p < 0.001
   Other 5.2 6.8 5.4 ns 6.5 3.8 3.6 p < 0.001
N 884 680 651   1082 1108 1294