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Table 5 Univariate and multivariate analysis of predictors of peripheral parasitaemia among women attending delivery units

From: Burden of malaria in pregnancy in Jharkhand State, India

  Univariate Analysis   Multivariate Analysis
  Peripheral Parasitaemia
% (Positive/Total)
Relative Risk (95% CI) Adjusted
Relative Risk (95% CI)
First/second pregnancies 3.8% (18/475) 2.99 (0.89 - 10.06)  
Third or greater pregnancy 1.3% (3/237) 1  
Age <20 7.6% (5/66) 3.06 (1.16 - 8.08) 2.68 (1.03 - 6.98)
Age ≥ 20 2.5% (16/646) 1  
Fever within past week 9.6% (8/83) 4.64 (1.98 - 10.86) 4.31 (1.84 - 10.11)
No fever within past week 2.1% (13/626) 1  
Bednet use* 3.0% (13/437) 1.54 (0.44 - 5.32)  
No bednet use 1.9% (3/155) 1  
Indoor residual spraying 3.9% (16/415) 2.26 (0.84 - 6.10)  
No indoor residual spraying 1.7% (5/293) 1  
Rural 3.9% (11/279) 1.71 (0.73 - 3.97)  
Not rural 2.3% (10/433) 1  
Tribal caste 3.1% (8/260) 1.07 (0.45 - 2.55)  
Not tribal caste 2.9% (13/452) 1  
No formal education 2.8% (6/217) 0.91 (0.36 - 2.32)  
Formal education 3.0% (15/495) 1  
Homeowner 3.5% (20/579) 4.59 (0.62 - 33.93)  
Not homeowner 0.8% (1/133) 1  
Mud walls 3.8% (18/480) 2.90 (0.86 - 9.75)  
No mud walls 1.3% (3/232) 1  
  1. Risk ratio adjusted for fever within past week and age less than 20.
  2. * ITN use was not evaluated in this model since these were very rarely used.