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Table 3 Patient characteristics in outpatient health facilities, Huambo Province, Angola

From: Quality of malaria case management at outpatient health facilities in Angola

Characteristic No. and weighted percentage of patients
  n/N % (95% CI)
Patient had suspected malaria a   
Among all patients 136/177 77.8 (69.5-86.2)
Among patients < 5 years old 62/72 79.5 (65.3-93.7)
Among patients ≥ 5 years old 74/105 76.5 (66.1-86.9)
Patient (all ages) with suspected malaria had symptoms of a non-malaria cause of the febrile illness (e.g., a respiratory infection) 63/136 48.0 (36.8-59.3)
Malaria diagnoses according to the analysis algorithm (Figure 1)   
Complicated malaria 1/177 0.8 (0-2.4)
Uncomplicated malaria 58/177 35.0 (26.0-44.1)
Not malaria 118/177 64.2 (55.1-73.3)
Patient was tested for malaria with either microscopy or a rapid diagnostic test, whether or not indicated by the policy 64/177 28.5 (17.9-39.2)
Appropriateness of malaria testing   
Patient with suspected malaria (i.e., test needed) was testedb 58/136 30.7 (17.9-43.6)
Patient without suspected malaria (i.e., no test needed) was not tested 35/41 79.2 (60.5-97.9)
Overall adherence to the testing policy (all ages)c 93/177 41.5 (30.2-52.7)
Overall adherence to the testing policy (age < 5 years old)c 36/72 40.0 (25.0-55.0)
Overall adherence to the testing policy (age ≥ 5 years old)c 57/105 42.7 (27.7-57.6)
  1. CI = confidence interval.
  2. a Defined as either fever (history of fever or axillary temperature > 37.5°C), or at least 3 of the following: headache, joint pain, chills, sweating, anaemia (palmor pallor), cough (applies to children only), anorexia, fatigue, vomiting, or diarrhoea.
  3. b Microscopy and malaria rapid diagnostic tests were considered as equally appropriate tests.
  4. c Patients needing testing got tested, and patients not needing testing did not get tested.