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Table 2 Interpretation of test results for Palutop+4 for the detection of P. vivax

From: Evaluation of the Palutop+4 malaria rapid diagnostic test in a non-endemic setting

Test Line(s) visible P. vivax P. falciparum, P. ovale, P. malariae or no parasites detected
Only Pv-pLDH or Pv-PLDH + pan-pLDH True positive False positive or species-mismatch†
None or Only HRP-2 or HRP-2 + Pv-pLDH or HRP-2 + pan-pLDH or HRP-2 + Pv-pLDH + pan-pLDH or Only pan-pLDH False negative or species-mismatch‡ True negative
  1. †Non-vivax species diagnosed as P. vivax
  2. P. vivax diagnosed as non-vivax species or a mixed Plasmodium spp. Infection