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Table 1 Kaplan Meier pair-wise comparisons of the median survival times (MST) of An. gambiae s.s. females exposed to different concentrations (1 × 107, 1 × 108, 1 × 109, 2 × 109, 2 × 1010 and 4 × 1010 conidia m-2) of M. anisopliae ICIPE-30 and B. bassiana I93-825 (IMI 391510) for 6 h.

From: Infection of the malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, with two species of entomopathogenic fungi: effects of concentration, co-formulation, exposure time and persistence

Concentrations MST ± SE 1 × 107 1 × 108 1 × 109 2 × 109 2 × 1010 4 × 1010
M. anisopliae        
Control 11 ± 0.32 χ2 = 15.12 χ2 = 24.00 χ2 = 50.7 χ2 = 195.11 χ2 = 239.68 χ2 = 261.26
   p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001* P < 0.001*
1 × 10 7 10 ± 0.32   χ2 = 1.87 χ2 = 14.46 χ2 = 138.37 χ2 = 197.25 χ2 = 219.10
    p = 0.17 p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001*
1 × 10 8 9 ± 0.37    χ2 = 5.95 χ2 = 98.86 χ2 = 166.80 χ2 = 188.48
     p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001*
1 × 10 9 8 ± 0.43     χ2 = 53.99 χ2 = 119.57 χ2 = 104.37
      p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001*
2 × 10 9 6 ± 0.15      χ2 = 79.62 χ2 = 104.37
       p < 0.001* p < 0.001*
2 × 10 10 4 ± 0.12       χ2 = 3.54
        p = 0.07
B. bassiana        
Control 11 ± 0.32 χ2 = 25.09 χ2 = 47.61 χ2 = 27.13 χ2 = 109.37 χ2 = 251.31 χ2 = 251.60
   p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001* p < 0.001*
1 × 10 7 10 ± 0.47   χ2 = 4.53 χ2 = 0.319 χ2 = 38.97 χ2 = 171.18 p χ2 = 181.16
    p < 0.001* p = 0.57 p < 0.001* < 0.001* p < 0.001*
1 × 10 8 9 ± 0.23    χ2 = 1.47 χ = 21.40 χ2 = 158.71 p χ2 = 168.32
     p = 0.22 p < 0.001* < 0.001* p < 0.001*
1 × 10 9 9 ± 0.58     χ2 = 21.90 χ2 = 112.07 p χ2 = 114.26
      p < 0.001* <0.001* p < 0.001*
2 × 10 9 6 ± 0.17      χ2 = 88.29 χ2 = 130.05
       p < 0.001* p < 0.001*
2 × 10 10 4 ± 0.11       χ2 = 3.56
        p = 0.06
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05