From: Identifying the most productive breeding sites for malaria mosquitoes in The Gambia
Water temperature (°C) | Conductivity (μS/cm) | Turbidity (NTU) | Chironomida/m^{2}/week | Odonata & Coleoptera/m^{2}/week |
Diversity Index | Frequency of algae present in habitat (%) | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Pools |
33.2 (31.1–35.5)^{c} |
323 (227–874)^{a} |
204 (97–310)^{a,b} |
166 (125–212)^{a,b} |
1.18 (0.99–1.38)^{a} |
0.5 (0.44–0.56)^{a} | 69.9 |
Rice close to upland |
28.9 (25.8–32.0)^{a,b} |
3138 (1990–4286)^{b} |
316 (133–500)^{a} |
334 (231–439)^{a} |
1.11 (0.90–1.32)^{a} |
0.36 (0.31–0.42)^{b} | 61.6 |
Rice far from upland |
30.0 (28.0–32.0)^{b,c} |
2502 (915–4088)^{a,b} |
206 (108–305)^{a,b} |
58 (38–79)^{c} |
0.32 (0.21–0.44)^{b} |
0.40 (0.35–0.44)^{a,b} | 18.5 |
Edge floodwater |
27.6 (25.9–29.4)^{a,b} |
2064 (1608–2519)^{a,b} |
76 (40–111)^{b} |
105 (75–134)^{b,c} |
0.31 (0.20–0.41)^{b} |
0.32 (0.28–0.35)^{b} | 21.7 |
River floodwater |
28.7 (27.1–30.3)^{a,b} |
1472 (926–2019)^{a,b} |
72 (38–105)^{b} |
59 (46–70)^{c} |
0.21 (0.09–0.32)^{b} |
0.35 (0.31–0.38)^{b} | 10.9 |
Stream fringes |
25.7 (23.8–27.5)^{a} |
7199 (5618–8778)^{c} |
102 (59–144)^{b} |
149 (117–181)^{a,b} |
0.41 (0.31–0.51)^{b} |
0.33 (0.29–0.37)^{b} | 47.4 |
ANOVA/χ^{2} |
F(2,125) = 6.672, p < 0.001 |
F(5,119) = 20.65, p < 0.001 |
F(5,103) = 4.627, p = 0.001 |
F(5,709) = 12.735, p < 0.001 |
F(5,709) = 35.205, p < 0.001 |
F(5,709) = 8.090, p < 0.001 |
χ^{2} = 151.1, df = 5, p < 0.001 |