Skip to main content

Table 2 Association of anaemia and parasitaemia with household and clinical characteristics among children 6-30 months of age enrolled into the 2005 HH and EPI-HF surveys (adjusted for clustering)

From: Comparison of anaemia and parasitaemia as indicators of malaria control in household and EPI-health facility surveys in Malawi

2005 Household surveys (N = 926) EPI-Health facility surveys (N = 1637)
  Anaemia (Hb<8 g/dl)
n (%)
χ2
P-value
Parasitaemia
n (%)
χ2
P-value
Anaemia
(Hb<8 g/dl)
n (%)
χ2
P-value
Parasitaemia
n (%)
χ2
P-value
Age (months)         
   6-8 42 (28.0) 0.05 31 (25.6) 0.45 77 (21.0) 0.07 108 (31.3) 0.85
   9-11 26 (13.9)   22 (14.6)   55(17.8)   88 (30.3)  
   12-17 50 (19.4)   48 (21.5)   105(20.8)   138 (29.6)  
   18-23 37 (16.3)   48 (16.3)   34(12.4)   74 (29.0)  
   24-29 29 (15.1)   46 (17.1)   28(15.6)   56 (35.0)  
District         
   Phalombe 47 (22.1) <.0001 51(27.8) <.0001   0.06 - <.0001
   Blantyre 13 (19.8)   15(14.9)   118(22.3)   52 (11.1)  
   Chiradzulu 18 (20.2)   15(20.5)   -   -  
   Mwanza 36 (28.3)   61(50.4)   -   -  
   Lilongwe 37 (33.0)   30(42.0)   108 (19.7)   307 (58.9)  
   Rumphi 33 (11.1)   23(7.82)   73 (13.1)   105 (19.9)  
Wealth quintile         
   Poorest 48 (23.2) 0.60 53 (23.5) 0.16 80(28.9) <.000 79 (30.6) 0.02
   2nd 44 (18.4)   47 (22.4)   75(22.5) 1 133 (42.1)  
   3rd 48 (17.4)   45 (14.2)   49(16.5)   91 (32.7)  
   4th 33 (17.5)   40 (20.6)   49(14.5)   80 (26.0)  
   Wealthiest 11 (13.1)   10 (9.04)   46(11.8)   81 (22.8)  
History of fever         
   Yes 104 (24.0) 0.002 109 25.3) 0.003 144(22.8) 0.004 173 (30.2) 0.87
   No 80 (14.3)   86 (14.1)   155(15.4)   291 (30.8)  
Currently febrile         
   Yes 17 (26.0) 0.08 16 (34.3) 0.03 56 (29.3) 0.001 68 (40.0) 0.02
   No 153 (16.2)   179(18.1)   243 (16.8)   395 (29.4)  
Clinical malaria         
   Yes 7 (48.1) .006 NA   21 (30.9) .006 NA  
   No 138 (15.4)     260 (18.0)    
Slept under a net the previous night         
   Yes 56 (12.9) 0.002 63 (14.1) 0.04 102 (15.2) 0.03 167 (27.1) 0.06
   No 128 (22.9)   132(23.1)   197 (20.4)   297 (33.0)  
Slept under ITN previous night         
   Yes 53 (14.0) 0.03 54 (13.9) 0.05 89 (14.8) 0.01 155 (27.9) 0.18
   No 131 (21.5)   141 22.5)   210 (20.3)   309 (32.2)