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Table 4 Association of survey type (HH vs. EPI-HF) and year (2005 vs. 2008) with prevalence of anaemia and parasitaemia among children 6-30 months of age in six districts in Malawi

From: Comparison of anaemia and parasitaemia as indicators of malaria control in household and EPI-health facility surveys in Malawi

  Anaemia Parasitaemia
  Unadjusted Adjusteda Unadjusted Adjustedb
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
  P* = 0.36 P* = 0.45 P* = 0.16 P* = 0.17
2005 HH Reference Reference Reference Reference
2005 EPI-HF 0.90 (0.67-1.22) 1.04 (0.77-1.40) 1.37 (0.90-2.07) 1.3 (0.9-1.95)
2008 HH 0.69 (0.55-0.85) 0.74 (0.59-0.94) 0.50 (0.41-0.61) 0.4 (0.3-0.52)
2008 EPI-HF 0.74 (0.55-0.99) 0.88 (0.65-1.20) 0.47 (0.33-0.67) 0.4 (0.3-0.56)
  1. a adjusted for age, ethnicity, wealth, clinical malaria, slept under ITN the previous night, and district
  2. b adjusted for age, ethnicity, wealth, current fever, slept under ITN the previous night, and district
  3. * type 3 p-value for interaction between type of survey (HH vs. EPI-HF) and year (2005 vs. 2008)