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Table 3 Participants' practices in malaria treatment-seeking behaviour and prevention methods

From: Opportunities and obstacles to the elimination of malaria from Peninsular Malaysia: knowledge, attitudes and practices on malaria among aboriginal and rural communities

  population  
Variables Forest-aboriginal (n = 100)
n (%)
Rural (n = 123)
n (%)
χ2 significance
Treatment-seeking behaviour    
   Use herbal remedies as first line activity 28 (28.0) 19 (15.4) p < 0.05
   Witchcraft as a first line activity 13 (13.0) 0 (0.0) p < 0.001
   Go to clinic as a first line activity (within 24 hrs of fever onset) 65 (65.0) 117 (95.1) p < 0.001
   Take anti-malarial/antipyretic medicine 0 (0.0) 6 (4.9) p < 0.05
Malaria prevention methods    
   Use of mosquito bed nets 63 (63.0) 76 (61.8) ns
   Keep the house/surroundings clean 30 (30.0) 46 (37.4) ns
   Elimination of breeding sites 0 (0.0) 8 (6.5) p < 0.001
   Use of insecticide/spraying 3 (3.0) 33 (26.8) p < 0.001
   Fumigation by smoke 7 (7.0) 28 (22.8) p < 0.01
   Use of anti-malarials 1 (1.0) 8 (6.5) p < 0.05
   Use of medicinal plants 10 (10.0) 6 (4.9) ns
   No knowledge 21 (21.0) 23 (18.7) ns