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Table 1 Anti-malarial prescription in 21 health facilities comparing 'Pre' (March - June 2007) to 'Post' RDTs (July - December 2007) intervention at 5 districts of Uganda

From: Use of RDTs to improve malaria diagnosis and fever case management at primary health care facilities in Uganda

Malaria endemicity Measurements 'Pre'- RDTs 'Post'- RDTs % drop * RR [95% CI]^ p- value
   District       
Hyper-endemic OPD attendance 10,167 11,273    
   Iganga Anti-malarials prescribed (%) 5,725 (56) 4,744 (42) 25% 0.74[0.61-0.91] <0.001
Urban OPD attendance 4,749 9,536    
   Jinja Anti-malarials prescribed (%) 2,686(57) 3,076 (32) 44% 0.56[0.39-0.81] 0.003
Peri Urban OPD attendance 21,707 27,553    
   Mbale Anti-malarials prescribed (%) 11,736 (54) 9,796 (36) 33% 0.65[0.53-0.80] <0.001
Meso-endemic OPD attendance 8,842 14,385    
   Mubende Anti-malarials prescribed (%) 5,471 (62) 5,232 (36) 42% 0.60[0.47-0.76] <0.001
Hypo-endemic OPD attendance 8,164 12,032    
   Kapchorwa Anti-malarials prescribed (%) 5,002 (61) 3,072 (26) 57% 0.46[0.38-0.57] <0.001
All settings OPD attendance 53,629 74,784    
  Anti-malarials prescribed (%) [95%CI] 29117(54)[53.9-54.7] 24591(33)[32.5-33.2] 39% 0.62[0.55-0.70] <0.001
  1. *Percentage point reduction between baseline (pre) and post intervention = [(pre-RDTs proportion-post RDT proportion)/pre-RDTs proportion]