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Table 3 Distribution of severe anaemia and fatality by severity features and age group.

From: Changing trends in blood transfusion in children and neonates admitted in Kilifi District Hospital, Kenya

CLINICAL FEATURES Neonates Infants Children 1-4 yrs Children 5-13 yrs Total
n (%) CF (%) n (%) CF (%) n (%) CF (%) n (%) CF (%) N (%) CF (%)
N 91 526 1279 369 2265
Age median [IQR] 4 days [2-10] 8 mths [6-10] 2 yrs [1.5-3] 7.5 yrs [6-9.5] 1.9 yrs [0.9-3.6]
Respiratory Distress 38 (42) 12 (32) 261 (50) 27 (10) 413 (32) 59 (14) 72 (20) 17 (24) 784 (24) 115 (15)
Deep Breathing 21 (23) 10 (48) 118 (22) 19 (16) 261 (20) 47 (18) 41 (11) 11 (27) 441 (19) 87 (20)
Indrawing 31 (34) 10 (32) 208 (40) 20 (10) 253 (20) 33 (13) 52 (14) 13 (25) 544 (24) 76 (14)
Capillary refill >2 s 18 (20) 7 (39) 108 (21) 16 (15) 279 (22) 39 (14) 55 (15) 19 (35) 460 (20) 81 (18)
Severe malnutrition 36 (40) 16 (44) 98 (19) 10 (10) 147 (19) 35 (14) 32 (9) 9 (28) 413 (18) 70 (17)
Prostration 16 (18) 6 (38) 85 (16) 18 (21) 277 (22) 48 (17) 36 (10) 9 (25) 414 (18) 81 (20)
Malaria parasites 2 (2) 0 (0) 288 (55) 16 (6) 740 (58) 52 (7) 83 (22) 6 (7) 1113 (49) 74 (7)
Transfused 44 (48) 13 (30) 346 (66) 28 (8) 842 (66) 63 (7) 258 (70) 25 (10) 1490 (66) 129 (9)
Not transfused 47 (52) 15 (32) 164 (31) 6 (4) 423 (33) 27 (6) 103 (28) 11 (11) 737 (33) 59 (8)
No transfusion status 0   16 (3) 1 (6) 14 (1) 1 (7) 8 (2) 1 (13) 38 (2) 3 (8)
  1. CF = Case Fatality
  2. IQR = Interquartile range
  3. Respiratory Distress = Deep Breathing or Indrawing
  4. Severe malnutrition = mid-upper arm circumference <11 cm or kwashiorkor or premature or small for gestational age <2.5 Kg for neonatal group.