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Table 3 Knowledge on causes and modes of transmission of childhood malaria reported by caregivers of children less than 10 years of age around Gilgel-Gibe hydroelectric Dam, southwestern Ethiopia, 2007

From: The influence of the Gilgel-Gibe hydroelectric dam in Ethiopia on caregivers' knowledge, perceptions and health-seeking behaviour towards childhood malaria

Attribute* 'At-risk' 'Control' OR (95%CI) p-value
Cause of malaria
('at-risk', n = 1003;
'Control', n = 953)
    
Mosquito bite 59.1% 41.3% 2.05 (0.56, 7.57) 0.256
Exposed to the sun 51.3% 39.0% 1.65 (0.52, 5.25) 0.371
Eating contaminated food 13.5% 9.0% 1.57 (0.56, 4.38) 0.362
Bad spirit 3.3% 1.7% 1.99 (0.23, 17.28) 0.499
Dirty and stagnant water 2.9% 7.9% 0.35 (0.07, 1.64) 0.153
Too much work 1.6% 2.7% 0.58 (0.21, 1.60) 0.263
God punishment 1.1% 4.6% 0.23 (0.04, 1.23) 0.060
Body contact with patients 0.4% 7.9% 1.26 (0.20, 7.79) 0.791
Don't know 12.9% 4.3% 3.32 (0.48, 23.1) 0.187
Modes of malaria transmission
('at-risk; n = 984; 'control', n = 941)
    
Mosquito bite 76.7% 83.7% 0.64 (0.21, 1.93) 0.400
Body contact with patients 10.9% 7.0% 1.62 (0.39, 6.75) 0.481
Via respiratory route 4.6% 8.5% 0.52 (0.11, 2.49) 0.377
Sharing utensils with patients 5.6% 2.4% 2.36 (0.44, 12.74) 0.281
Breast milk 8.2% 4.3% 2.02 (0.39, 10.38) 0.366
Don't know 11.4% 3.8% 3.23 (0.71, 14.70) 0.105
Main transmission season
('at-risk', n = 1003; 'control', n = 953)
    
September to November 63.8% 49.5%   0.518
December to February 5.4% 5.9%   
March to April 8.4% 8.3%   
June to August 15.8% 24.9%   
Always 6.7% 11.2%   
Usual mosquito biting time
('at-risk', n = 755; 'control', n = 788)
    
Day 4.8% 6.2%   0.379
Night 76.0% 78.6%   
Any time 13.0% 11.2%   
Don't know 6.2% 3.9%   
Common mosquito breeding sites ('at-risk', n = 759; 'control', n = 784)     
Stagnant water 88.8% 90.4%   0.354
Running water 0.7% 1.8%   
Others 0.7% 2.8%   
Don't know 9.9% 4.9%   
  1. * In all cases, the reference category is "No"