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Table 1 Percentage reported malaria knowledge and practices, comparing ITN-owning to non-owning households

From: Malaria control under the Taliban regime: insecticide-treated net purchasing, coverage, and usage among men and women in eastern Afghanistan

  % ITN Non-owners
(n = 214)
% ITN Owners
(n = 200)
What causes malaria?   
   Mosquitoes 77 73
   Water 18 20
   Other/Don't know 6 8
Where do mosquitoes breed?   
   Water 58 69
   Grass 23 20
   Other/Don't know 19 12
Malaria season   
   Summer 46 40
   Spring/Summer 33 39
   Autumn 11 11
   Other/All 10 10
Who is at most risk from malaria?   
   Children 50 48
   Women and children 25 19
   Everyone 21 17
   Pregnant women and under-fives* 1 10
   Women 3 4
   Aged 1 2
What is the best malaria protection?*   
   ITNs 74 86
   IRS 12 7
   Other (e.g. electric fans) 7 5
   Traditional 3 1
   Don't know 4 1
What current malaria protection do you use?* 1   
   ITNs 4 95
   Other (e.g. smoke, chadors) 92 1
   Insecticide spray 4 3
   Traditional 0 1
Who in your household was seriously ill this year?   
   All 57 54
   Children 35 32
   None 4 8
   Aged 3 3
   Women 1 3
What is the best treatment for malaria?*   
   Chloroquine 68 79
   Don't know 21 11
   Traditional/Other 7 7
   Paracetamol 4 3
Who makes treatment-seeking decisions?   
   Household head 92 90
   Other 8 10
Where do you go for malaria treatment?   
   Get treatment at NGO clinic 42 48
   Private doctor (unregulated) 35 24
   Other/Combination 22 28
   Private drug seller (unregulated) 2 1
Average reported costs for malaria treatment 2 (US$08) (US$08)
   Adult visit 0.58 0.44
   Adult drugs 8.19 5.98
   Child visit 0.56 0.42
   Child drugs 5.25 3.89
Average costs per ITN 2 (US$08) (US$08)
ITN (insecticide added at point-of-purchase) 6.50 6.50
ITN retreatment (annual) 0.07 0.07
  1. NB: Sample size is 414. Logistic regression *p-value < 0.05 or 1p < 0.001. 2Costs were not disaggregated by provider. Pakistani rupee 2000 prices have been converted to US dollar 2008 constant equivalents (US$08).