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Table 3 Factors influencing adherence to the ACT Artemether-lumefantrine (LA) and Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHA-PPQ)

From: Perceptions and utilization of the anti-malarials artemether-lumefantrine and dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine in young children in the Chikhwawa District of Malawi: a mixed methods study

  Adherence to study drug
  n (%) Crude odds ratio (95% CI) P a
Anitmalarial    
AL 80 (79) 1  
DHA-PPQ 103 (88) 1.93 (0.92-4.06) 0.08
Child sex    
Female 103 (81) 1  
Male 80 (88) 1.69 (0.78-3.68) 0.18
Child age    
<24 months 44 (79) 1  
24-35 months 108 (84) 1.40 (0.63-3.09)  
36-47 months 31 (94) 4.23 (0.88-20.24) 0.07
Maternal education    
None 49 (82) 1  
Primary 80 (83) 1.06 (0.46-2.44)  
Secondary + 54 (89) 1.73 (0.62-4.82) 0.30
Adherence to AL vs DHA-PPQ Stratified by maternal education
No education 18 (72) vs 31 (89) 3.01 (0.77-11.73)  
Primary education 33 (73) vs 47 (90) 3.42 (1.10-10.63)  
Secondary education 29 (94) vs 25 (83) 0.35 (0.06-1.94)  
  Test of homogeneity: P = 0.05
  1. aχ2/χ 2 test for trend.