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Table 3 Characteristics of houses and mosquito preventive measures by individuals in Ahafo area of Ghana (Nov 2006-Aug 2007)

From: Baseline malaria vector transmission dynamics in communities in Ahafo mining area in Ghana

Variables (N = 942) Impact (N = 551) Non-impact (N = 391)
  n (%) n (%) p-value a
Presence of eaves gaps    
Yes 179 (32.5) 145 (37.1) 0.14
No 372 (67.5) 246 (62.9)  
Type of roof    
Corrugated zinc roof 522 (94.7) 323 (82.6) <0.01
Mud concrete/logs roof 10 (1.8) 30 (7.7)  
Thatch roof 19 (3.5) 38 (9.7)  
Bed net use    
Yes 249 (45.3) 201 (51.3) 0.07
No 301 (54.7) 191 (48.7)  
Insecticide spray    
Yes 52 (9.4) 11 (2.8) <0.01
No 499 (90.6) 380 (97.2)  
Mosquito coil    
Yes 122 (22.1) 66 (16.9) 0.05
No 429 (77.9) 325 (83.1)  
Smoky fire    
Yes 6 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0.04*
No 545 (98.9) 391 (100.0)  
Scented leaves    
Yes 3 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 0.27*
No 548 (99.5) 391 (100.0)  
Repellent creams    
Yes 22 (4.0) 1 (0.3) <0.01*
No 529 (96.0) 390 (99.7)  
  1. *: Fisher’s Exact test.
  2. a: Pearson Chi-squared test.