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Table 2 Household ownership of bed nets in Kachin Special Region II, northeastern Myanmar

From: Coverage, use and maintenance of bed nets and related influence factors in Kachin Special Region II, northeastern Myanmar

  No. households without bed nets (%, 95 % CI) No. households with untreated bed nets (%, 95 % CI) No. households with expired ITNs/LLINs (%, 95 % CI) No. households with ITNs/LLINs (%, 95 % CI)
Sex of household head
Male (n = 144) 1 (0.7, 0–3.8) 59 (41, 32.9–49.5) 36 (25, 18.2-32.9) 126 (87.5, 81–92.4)
Female (n = 524) 1 (0.2, 0–1.1) 185 (35.3, 31.2–39.6) 20 (3.8, 2.3–5.8) 477 (91, 88.3–93.3)
x 2 value - 1.56 66.0 1.60
P-value - 0.2110 <0.0001 0.2054
Age of household head (years)
<35 (n = 233) 0 (0, 0–1.6) 89 (38.2, 31.9–44.8) 34 (14.6, 10.3–19.8) 208 (89.3, 84.6–92.9)
≥35 (n = 435) 2 (0.5, 0.06–1.7) 155 (35.6, 31.1–40.3) 22 (5.1, 3.2–7.6) 395 (90.8, 87.7–93.3)
x 2 value - 0.43 17.96 0.41
P-value - 0.5117 0.00002 0.5237
Ethnics
Kachin (n = 610) 2 (0.3, 0.04–1.2) 303 (49.7, 45.6–53.7) 54 (8.9, 6.7–11.4) 556 (91.1, 88.6–93.3)
Othersa (n = 58) 0 (0, 0–6.1) 24 (41.4, 28.6–55.1) 2 (3.4, 0.4–11.9) 47 (81.0, 68.6–90.1)
x 2 value - 1.46 1.37 6.17
P-value - 0.2273 0.2415 0.0130
School education years
Illiterate (n = 144) 0 (0, 0–2.5) 52 (36.1, 28.3–44.5) 1 (0.7, 0–3.8) 126 (87.5, 81–92.4)
1–3y (n = 129) 1 (0.8, 0.02–4.2) 49 (38, 29.6–46.9) 2 (1.6, 0.2–5.5) 120 (93, 87.2–96.8)
4–6y (n = 225) 0 (0, 0–1.6) 75 (33.3, 27.2–39.9) 40 (17.8, 13–23.4) 216 (96, 92.5–98.2)
7–9y (n = 117) 1 (0.9, 0.02–4.7) 42 (35.9, 27.2–45.3) 13 (11.1, 16.1–18.3) 106 (90.6, 83.8–95.2)
≥10y (n = 53) 0 (0, 0–6.7) 26 (49.1, 35.1-63.2) 0 (0, 0–6.7) 35 (66, 51.7–78.5)
x 2 value 3.45 4.73 50.76 46.23
P-value 0.4849 0.3164 <0.0001 <0.0001
Family wealth index
1 Most poor (n = 498) 1 (0.2, 0–1.1) 175 (35.1, 30.9–39.5) 28 (5.6, 3.8–8) 467 (93.8, 91.3–95.7)
2 (n = 116) 0 (0, 0–3.1) 51 (44, 34.8–53.5) 27 (23.3, 15.9–32) 113 (97.4, 92.6–99.5)
3 (n = 24) 1 (4.2, 0.1–21.1) 10 (41.7, 22.1–64.4) 1 (4.2, 0.1–21.1) 17 (70.8, 48.9–87.4)
4 (n = 10) 0 (0, 0–60.2) 8 (80, 44.4–97.4) 0 (0, 0–60.2) 6 (60, 26.2–87.8)
5 Least poor (n = 0) 0 0 0 0
x 2 value 12.19 11.11 38.77 39.06
P-value 0.0068 0.0111 <0.0001 <0.0001
Geographical zone
Lowland (n = 226) 0 (0, 0–1.6) 102 (45.1, 38.5–51.9) 6 (2.7, 1.0–5.7) 202 (89.4, 84.6–93.1)
Foothill (n = 299) 0 (0, 0–1.2) 94 (31.4, 26.2–37.0) 11 (3.7, 1.9–6.5) 262 (87.6, 83.3–91.1)
Mid hill (n = 18) 1 (5.6, 0.1–27.3) 6 (33.3, 13.3–59.0) 8 (44.4, 21.5–69.2) 18 (100.0, 81.5–100.0)
Upper hill (n = 125) 1 (0.8, 0.02–4.4) 42 (33.6, 25.4–42.6) 31 (24.8, 17.5–33.3) 121 (96.8, 92.1–99.2)
x 2 value 19.29 11.10 92.01 10.59
P-value 0.0002 0.0112 <0.0001 0.0141
Total (n = 668) 2 (0.3, 0.04–1.1) 244 (36.5, 32.9–40.3) 56 (8.4, 6.4–10.7) 603 (90.2, 87.8–92.4)
  1. aOthers include Chinese, Shan, and Lisu; 95 %CI 95 % confidence interval, ITN Insecticide-treated nets, LLIN long-lasting insecticidal nets