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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression of the likelihood of the PPMV’s knowledge and stocking of most effective treatments for diarrhoea. (Source: Shop survey)

From: Management of paediatric illnesses by patent and proprietary medicine vendors in Nigeria

  Named most effective diarrhoea treatment (n =229) Stocked ORS (n =229)
  Odds ratio (95 % CI) p-value Odds ratio (95 % CI) p-value
Kogi (vs Kwara) 0.240*** (0.104 - 0.555) 0.001 1.524 (0.655 - 3.544) 0.328
Urban location (vs rural) 0.844 (0.376 - 1.893) 0.681 1.237 (0.549 - 2.791) 0.608
Peri-urban location (vs rural) 1.272 (0.598 - 2.705) 0.532 1.093 (0.493 - 2.424) 0.827
Male (vs female) 0.563 (0.258 - 1.228) 0.149 0.783 (0.346 - 1.771) 0.556
Age (years) 1.004 (0.961 - 1.049) 0.862 0.966 (0.925 - 1.009) 0.118
Has formal health training (vs no) 0.551 (0.237 - 1.279) 0.165 2.625** (1.013 - 6.802) 0.047
Years of experience 0.996 (0.942 - 1.053) 0.888 1.017 (0.960 - 1.078) 0.565
Muslim respondent (vs Christian) 0.836 (0.420 - 1.664) 0.609 0.613 (0.305 - 1.229) 0.168
PCN member (vs no) 1.690 (0.774 - 3.692) 0.188 1.849 (0.731 - 4.682) 0.194
Majority of household income is from shop (vs no) 1.143 (0.573 - 2.279) 0.704 1.322 (0.655 - 2.670) 0.436
Shop sells wholesale drugs (vs no) 0.565 (0.227 - 1.409) 0.221 1.923 (0.706 - 5.233) 0.201
Participated in any trainings in previous year (vs no) 1.538 (0.746 - 3.250) 0.249 1.253 (0.608 - 2.582) 0.540
Shop offers tests or examinations to customers (vs no) 1.119 (0.576 – 2.171) 0.739 1.076 (0.537 - 2.157) 0.836
  1. * p < 0.1, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01