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Table 3 Cost-consequence summary of insecticide treated nets and malaria community health workers in Myanmar

From: Cost effectiveness and resource allocation of Plasmodium falciparum malaria control in Myanmar: a modelling analysis of bed nets and community health workers

  ITN CHW
Direct costs One off purchase and distribution costs are annualised over the lifespan of the net Annual equivalent cost per village in modelled scenarios: US$ 240–750 Annual costs include: training, patient services, monitoring and supervision, programme management and CHW remuneration or incentives. Annual cost range in modelled scenarios (excluding variable drug costs): US$ 560–2300 Although the effective cost for malaria funds could be reduced through cost sharing
Direct consequences Modest impact on malaria disease in Myanmar due to crepuscular and exophagic biting High impact on malaria disease if there is good utilisation of the CHW by people who have malaria
Indirect consequences Modest impact on malaria transmission in Myanmar due to crepuscular and exophagic biting High impact on malaria transmission if there is good utilisation of the CHW by people who have malaria
Direct effects of ITN result in use of fewer diagnostics and treatment and therefore save some costs (included in analysis) CHW can be used to provide other health services, feedback valuable information on malaria burden, provide information and educational messages to the community (not included in analysis)