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Table 5 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with infection and exposure to Plasmodium falciparum

From: Use of different transmission metrics to describe malaria epidemiology in the highlands of western Kenya

  RDT PCR MSP
AOR 95 % CI P value AOR 95 % CI P value AOR 95 % CI P value
Age group in years
 ≤5 1 1 1
 5.1–10 1.81 1.17–2.81 0.009 1.73 1.22–2.45 0.003 1.57 1.17–2.11 0.003
 10.1–15 1.45 0.83–2.51 0.182 1.48 0.99–2.19 0.052 2.95 2.24–3.89 <0.001
 15.1–20 0.86 0.37–2.02 0.726 1.28 0.68–2.42 0.438 5.11 3.85–6.79 <0.001
 >20 0.27 0.12–0.62 0.003 0.77 0.52–1.13 0.180 8.18 6.51–10.27 <0.001
Anaemic (<11 g/dl) 2.91 1.88–4.53 <0.001   1.26 1.02–1.56 0.034
Elevation (m)
 1430–1494   1.0
 1495–1510 1.0 0.72–1.38 0.995
 1511–1529 0.94 0.65–1.35 0.724
 1530–1685 0.63 0.46–0.86 0.005
Socio-economic status (SES) score
 1 (low) 1 1 1
 2 0.53 0.20–1.46 0.217 0.57 0.35–0.94 0.030 1.07 0.77–1.50 0.674
 3 0.57 0.23–1.42 0.223 0.78 0.44–1.38 0.385 0.80 0.62–1.03 0.081
 4 0.30 0.10–0.93 0.038 0.58 0.33–1.02 0.059 0.83 0.59–1.17 0.290
 5 (high) 0.64 0.26–1.59 0.326 0.74 0.44–1.22 0.232 0.69 0.52–0.92 0.013
Open eaves 5.05 1.60–16.0 0.007  
Mosquito control
 None 1 1  
 Net only 1.40 0.49–4.01 0.516 1.54 0.98–2.43 0.060
 IRS only 2.61 1.01–6.78 0.048 2.13 1.21–3.75 0.010
 Both 1.49 0.52–4.29 0.446 1.67 1.00–2.79 0.051