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Table 1 Associations of demographic and clinical variables with maternal anaemia and low-birthweight delivery among 517 delivery-ward patients in eastern Afghanistan

From: Towards a strategy for malaria in pregnancy in Afghanistan: analysis of clinical realities and women’s perceptions of malaria and anaemia

Associations with anaemia Anaemic, n (%) Non-anaemic, n (%) OR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI)
(N = 179) (N = 338)
Age group
 15–20 66 (36.9) 143 (42.3) Ref. Ref.
 21–30 84 (46.9) 154 (45.6) 1.18 (0.80–1.75) 1.00 (0.63–1.60)
 31–49 29 (16.2) 41 (12.1) 1.53 (0.88–2.68) 1.20 (0.59–2.44)
Gravidity
 Primigravidous 54 (30.2) 129 (38.2) Ref. Ref.
 Multigravidous (2–4) 58 (32.4) 104 (30.8) 1.33 (0.85–2.09) 1.32 (0.81–2.17)
 Grand-multigravidous (5+) 67 (37.4) 105 (31.1) 1.52 (0.98–2.37) 1.42 (0.80–2.53)
Intestinal parasites
 No 167 (93.3) 312 (92.3) Ref. Ref.
 Yes 12 (6.7) 26 (7.7) 0.86 (0.42–1.75) 0.82 (0.40–1.67)
LBW
 No 159 (88.8) 229 (88.5) Ref. Ref.
 Yes 20 (11.2) 39 (11.5) 0.96 (0.54–1.71) 1.09 (0.60–1.97)
Associations with LBW LBW, n (%) Non-LBW, n (%) OR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI)
(N = 59) (N = 458)
Age
 15–20 33 (55.9) 176 (38.4) Ref. Ref.
 21–30 21 (35.6) 217 (47.4) 0.52 (0.29–0.92)* 1.13 (0.57–2.22)
 31–49 5 (8.5) 65 (14.2) 0.41 (0.15–1.10) 2.17 (0.55–8.49)
Gravidity
 Primigravidous 38 (64.4) 145 (31.7) Ref. Ref.
 Multigravidous (2–4) 13 (22.0) 149 (32.5) 0.33 (0.17–0.64)** 0.31 (0.15–0.64)**
 Grand-multigravidous (5+) 8 (13.6) 164 (35.8) 0.19 (0.08–0.41)** 0.13 (0.04–0.39)**
Intestinal parasites
 No 55 (93.2) 424 (92.6) Ref. Ref.
 Yes 4 (6.8) 34 (7.4) 0.90 (0.31–2.65) 1.04 (0.34–3.14)
Anaemia
 No 39 (66.1) 299 (65.3) Ref. Ref.
 Yes 20 (33.9) 159 (34.7) 0.96 (0.54–1.70) 1.09 (0.60–1.96)
  1. * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.001; AOR adjusted for age, gravidity, intestinal parasite presence. Cell sizes below 30 use exact logistic methods