Skip to main content

Table 5 Direct, indirect and total economic costs of fever

From: Economic costs of fever to households in the middle belt of Ghana

Variables Total cost GHS Mean cost per patient GHS SD GHS Median GHS iqr (25th–75th percentile) GHS
Direct cost
 All direct cost 4708.4 4.2 10.2 1.5 0.2–4.0
 Medical costs 2110.4 1.9 7.9 0 0
 Non-medical cost 1596.7 1.4 3.7 0 0–1.9
 Direct cost of self-treatment 1001.3 0.9 2.4 0 0–1.0
Indirect costs
 All indirect cost 20,293.7 18.0 32.4 8.0 0–21.4
Indirect cost by occupation
 Farmers 6188.6 24.3 23.0 20.0 7.5–35.0
 Formal sector employees 5,54.1 20.5 29.0 5.0 0–40.0
 Traders 4187.4 46.5 70.9 20.5 0–60.0
 Artisans 913.5 36.5 45.2 20.0 0–50.0
 Unemployed 77 8.6 16.2 0 0–10.0
 Under 18 years 8373.1 11.1 19.8 4.0 0–15.0
Total cost 25,002.0 22.2 35.7 11.0 2.0–28.0
Cost by health facility attended
 Chemical shop 6381.6 17.9 29.4 7.6 2.0–24.0
 CHPS 635.1 14.1 15.4 9.6 5.0–15.0
 Clinic 4608.1 22.8 41.8 8.0 0.7–30.0
 Drug peddler 1147.9 12.8 22.3 4.0 1.0–15.0
 Herbalist 349.0 34.9 46.9 12.5 5.0–67.0
 Health centre 3456.4 24.0 31.7 15.0 4.3–30.0
 Hospital 7702.6 30.1 43.0 18.9 5.7–37.4
 Pharmacy 721.8 30.0 48.6 10.8 3.0–30.5
  1. Exchange rate (as at 30th September 2011): $1 is equivalent to GHS 1.52 [27]