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Table 4 Knowledge, attitude and practices of respondents with regards to malaria in Kano State, Nigeria

From: Is Nigeria winning the battle against malaria? Prevalence, risk factors and KAP assessment among Hausa communities in Kano State

Variables n %
Knowledge (n = 505)
 Know malaria 483 95.6
Source of information (n = 483)
 Media (TV, radio, newspaper) 132 27.3
 Awareness campaign 56 11.6
 Family and friends 236 48.9
 Do not know 59 12.2
Causes (n = 483)
 Mosquito bites 364 75.3
 Stagnant water 12 2.5
 Poor personal hygiene 9 1.9
 Do not know 98 20.3
Signs and symptoms (n = 483)
 Fever 376 77.8
 Headache 50 10.4
 Weakness 233 48.2
 Vomiting 55 11.4
 Abdominal pain 49 10.1
 I do not know 60 12.4
Prevention (n = 483)
 Using bed nets/insecticide 336 69.6
 Improved personal hygiene 103 21.3
 Medication 34 7.0
 Do not know 21 4.3
Attitude (n = 483)
 Serious disease 451 93.4
 Not serious disease 11 2.3
 Do not know 21 4.3
Practices (n = 505)
 Having ITNs 395 78.2
 Using ITNs 244 48.3
 Using insecticide 189 37.4
 Houses with wood/zinc roofs 392 77.6
 Houses with mud wall 284 56.2
 Living near water sources (stream, dam, lake, pond, etc.) 348 68.9
Treatment seeking behaviour (n = 505)
 Hospitals/clinics 375 74.3
 Self medication 97 19.2
 Traditional/herbal medicine 14 2.8
 Do nothing 19 3.8