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Table 5 Evaluation the results of GP, GAM, and linear regression models for the annual average case

From: Spatial distribution estimation of malaria in northern China and its scenarios in 2020, 2030, 2040 and 2050

Model  Train result Test result
ARE (%) MSSE R2 ARE (%) MSSE R2
GP 8.127 264.180 0.825 17.102 311.229 0.532
GAM 19.163 540.100 0.445 30.155 392.238 0.452
Linear 27.449 690.995 0.159 31.031 490.594 0.189