Skip to main content

Table 1 Social demographic characteristics of recruited mothers (n = 206)

From: Prenatal exposure to Plasmodium falciparum increases frequency and shortens time from birth to first clinical malaria episodes during the first two years of life: prospective birth cohort study

Characteristics Pm+ mothers n (%) Pm− mothers n (%) Chi square test p value
Gravida
Primigravida 24 (58.5) 52 (31.5) 0.001
Multigravida 17 (41.5) 113 (68.5)
Marital status    
single 8 (19.5) 24 (14.5) 0.3
Married 30 (73.2) 128 (77.6)
Divorced 0 7 (4.2)
Widow 0 3 (1.8)
Cohabiting 3 (7.3) 3 (1.8)
Age of mother (years)
<18 3 (7.3) 13(7.9) 0.9
18–28 24 (58.5) 86 (52.1)
29–39 8 (19.5) 43 (26.1)
40–50 6 (14.6) 22 (13.3)
Use of ITN 41 (100) 165 (100)
Occupation
Peasant 34 (82.9) 135 (81.8) 0.3
Employed 1 (2.4) 4 (2.4)
Large scale business 0 4 (2.4)
Housewife 5 (12.2) 22 (13.3)
Small scale business 1 (2.4) 0
Education level
Madras 8 (19.5) 36 (21.8) 0.8
Primary school 32 (78.0) 117 (70.9)
Secondary school 1 (2.4) 10 (6.1)
  1. n(%) represents the numbers of mothers and their percentages in brackets
  2. ITN insecticide treated bed nets, pm− placental malaria negative, pm+ placental malaria positive