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Table 2 Health Worker diagnosis at admission, by age

From: Adherence to national guidelines for the diagnosis and management of severe malaria: a nationwide, cross-sectional survey in Malawi, 2012

Admission Diagnosis <5 years ≥5 years p value
n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI)
Severe malaria* 213 45.4 (37.8–52.9) 153 32.1 (24.0–40.3) 0.0040
Cerebral malaria 1 0.3 (0.0–0.8) 3 0.4 (0.0–1.0)
Uncomplicated malaria 10 1.5 (0.4–2.7) 14 2.9 (0.8–5.1) 0.089
Malaria (unspecified)* 209 46.3 (38.2–54.5) 240 57.8 (48.0–67.6) 0.011
Severe anaemia 11 2.2 (0.5–3.9) 6 1.1 (0.2–1.9) 0.079
Sepsis 3 0.4 (0.0–1.1) 2 0.3 (0.0–0.7)
Pneumonia 4 0.7 (0.0–1.5) 1 0.3 (0.0–1.0)
Gastroenteritis/Dehydration 1 0.3 (0.0–0.8) 3 0.5 (0.0–1.6)
Other 6 1.5 (0.0–3.3) 15 3.4 (1.3–5.5) 0.13
Not documented 5 1.5 (0.1–2.9) 6 1.3 (0.1–2.4) 0.82
Severe malaria by study definition*, ** 225 47.8 (40.2–55.4) 162 33.6 (25.1–42.1) 0.0021
  1. p value determined by Rao–Scott Chi Square
  2. * p < 0.05
  3. ** Includes admission diagnosis of severe malaria, cerebral malaria, or severe anemia as documented by the health worker