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Table 1 Factors associated with public malaria awareness with univariate analyses

From: Determinants of public malaria awareness during the national malaria elimination programme: a cross-sectional study in rural China

Characteristics n % Low degree knowledge (n = 634, %) High degree knowledge (n = 687, %) χ2 p
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Sex      5.7 0.02
  Male 643 48.7 45.3 51.8   
  Female 678 51.3 54.7 48.2   
 Ethnicity      7.8 <0.01
  Han 865 65.5 61.7 69.0   
  Minorities 456 34.5 38.3 31.0   
 Age      19.1 <0.01
  <29 288 21.8 26.4 17.4   
  30–44 325 24.6 25.2 24.1   
  45–59 394 29.8 26.8 32.7   
  >60 314 23.8 21.6 25.8   
 Education attainment      6.2 0.05
  <7 years 566 42.9 44.6 41.2   
  7–9 years study 517 39.1 40.1 38.3   
  >9 years study 238 18.0 15.3 20.5   
 Type of occupation      12.7 0.01
  Self-employed worker 219 16.6 15.6 17.5   
  Farmer migrant 778 58.9 57.1 60.5   
  Non-work 193 14.6 17.7 11.8   
  Worker 52 3.9 3.0 4.8   
  Student 79 6.0 6.6 5.4   
 Number of household member     14.2 <0.01
  <3 404 30.6 27.5 33.4   
  3–4 689 52.2 51.3 52.9   
  >4 228 17.2 21.2 13.7   
 Martial status      2.4 0.12
  No 203 15.3 17.1 13.8   
  Yes 1118 84.7 82.9 86.2   
 Type of county      45.7 <0.01
  Type-1 404 30.6 27.6 33.3   
  Type-2 515 39.0 33.1 44.4   
  Type-3 402 30.4 39.3 22.3   
 Self-assessment of household income level    18 <0.01
  Low 560 42.4 47.1 38.0   
  Middle 639 48.4 42.3 54.0   
  High 122 9.2 10.6 8.0   
 Distance to township hospital (km)    7.53 0.06
  <1 360 27.2 23.7 30.6   
  1–2 323 24.5 25.7 23.2   
  2–3 235 17.8 18.6 17.1   
  >3 403 30.5 32.0 29.1   
Sources of malaria information
 History of suffering from malaria    21.3 <0.01
  No 1007 76.2 81.9 71.0   
  Yes 314 23.8 18.1 29.0   
 Community media     88.1 <0.01
  No 876 66.3 79.0 54.6   
  Yes 445 33.7 21.0 45.4   
 Electronic media      11.1 <0.01
  No 1018 77.1 81.1 73.4   
  Yes 303 22.9 18.9 26.6