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Table 1 Demographic characteristics, health-seeking behaviour and health knowledge among individuals with fever 2 weeks prior to interview, Myanmar (N = 637)

From: Rural and urban disparities in health-seeking for fever in Myanmar: findings from a probability-based household survey

Characteristics Urban (N = 315) Rural (N = 322) Total (N = 637) p value
Age of fever cases (years) 0.033
 Under 5 65 (20.6) 79 (24.5) 144 (22.6)  
 5–14 100 (31.8) 84 (26.1) 184 (28.9)  
 15–45 73 (23.2) 99 (30.8) 172 (27.0)  
 46 and above 77 (24.4) 60 (18.6) 137 (21.5)  
Gender of fever cases 0.688
 Male 138 (43.8) 136 (42.2) 274 (43.0)  
 Female 177 (56.2) 186 (57.8) 363 (57.0)  
Education of main income earner 0.000
 No schooling 30 (9.5) 81 (25.2) 111 (17.4)  
 Primary grade 104 (33.0) 152 (47.2) 256 (40.2)  
 Middle grade 95 (30.2) 60 (18.6) 155 (24.3)  
 High grade and above 86 (27.3) 29 (9.0) 115 (18.05)  
Occupation of main income earner 0.000
 Professionals/skilled workers 38 (12.1) 9 (2.8) 47 (7.4)  
 Farmers/fishermen 71 (22.5) 166 (51.6) 237 (37.21)  
 Self-employed/shop owners 89 (28.3) 22 (6.8) 111 (17.43)  
 Unskilled labourers 117 (37.1) 125 (38.8) 242 (38.1)  
Household SES quintile 0.000
 Level 1 42 (13.3) 98 (30.4) 140 (22.0)  
 Level 2 43 (13.7) 77 (23.9) 120 (18.8)  
 Level 3 63 (20.0) 79 (24.5) 142 (22.3)  
 Level 4 72 (22.9) 42 (13.0) 114 (17.9)  
 Level 5 95 (30.2) 26 (8.1) 121 (19.0)  
Had additional symptoms (multiple responses) 155 (24.3) 130 (20.4) 285 (44.7) 0.025
 Cough 68 (21.6) 64 (19.9) 132 (20.72) 0.594
 Aches and pains 52 (16.5) 41 (12.7) 93 (14.6) 0.177
 Sweating 11 (3.5) 2 (0.6) 13 (2.04) 0.010
 Chills 11 (3.5) 17 (5.3) 28 (4.4) 0.271
 Vomiting 11 (3.5) 8 (2.5) 19 (3.0) 0.455
 Less active 10 (3.2) 8 (2.5) 18 (2.8) 0.599
 Loss of appetite 9 (2.9) 8 (2.5) 17 (2.7) 0.770
 Treated at home 61 (19.4) 98 (30.4) 159 (25.0) 0.001
 Home remedies 9 (2.9) 29 (9.0) 38 (6.0) 0.001
 Traditional medicine 18 (5.7) 21 (6.5) 39 (6.1) 0.671
 Modern medicine 34 (10.8) 48 (14.9) 82 (12.9) 0.121
 Sought treatment outside 259 (82.2) 223 (69.3) 482 (75.7) 0.000
Early seeking treatment 0.032
 Sought treatment within 24 h of fever onset 187 (59.4) 164 (50.9) 351 (55.1)  
 Sought treatment >24 h after fever onset 128 (40.6) 158 (49.1) 286 (44.9)  
Malaria knowledge  
 Know that mosquito bite can cause malaria 227 (72.1) 207 (64.3) 434 (68.1) 0.035
 Think malaria is severe in community 55 (17.5) 66 (20.5) 121 (19.0) 0.329
 Know sleeping under bed net can prevent malaria 16 (5.1) 25 (7.8) 41 (6.4) 0.167
 Know of at least one anti-malarial drug 60 (19.1) 48 (14.9) 108 (17.0) 0.164
 Heard of rapid diagnostic testing 49 (15.6) 58 (18.0) 107 (16.8) 0.407