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Table 2 Predictors of malaria morbidity in under five children (unmatched data)

From: The effectiveness of a nationwide universal coverage campaign of insecticide-treated bed nets on childhood malaria in Malawi

Variable Year 2012 Year 2014
AOR 95 % CI p value AOR 95 % CI p value
Child slept under bed net 0.65 0.47–0.89 0.007* 0.77 0.57–1.06 0.109**
Child is male 0.92 0.73–1.15 0.463** 1.15 0.92–1.44 0.215**
Age of the child 1.02 1.01–1.03 <0.001* 1.02 1.02–1.03 <0.001*
Residential area is urban 0.42 0.26–0.67 <0.001* 0.35 0.21–0.59 <0.001*
Cluster altitude (KM) 1.17 0.83–1.66 0.380** 0.54 0.37–0.77 0.001*
Wealth index score 0.87 0.79–0.96 0.004* 0.80 0.73–0.88 <0.001*
Age of the mother 0.98 0.96–1.00 0.017* 0.99 0.97–1.01 0.342**
Mother’s years of education 0.93 0.88–0.99 0.023* 0.97 0.92–1.00 0.240**
Mother can read 1.22 0.83–1.79 0.325** 0.88 0.61–1.28 0.501**
Number of under five children 1.21 1.04–1.42 0.015* 1.25 1.05–1.48 0.011*
Number of bed nets (household) 1.14 0.98–1.33 0.102** 0.93 0.81–1.08 0.367**
Male household head 1.11 0.84–1.46 0.464** 0.96 0.71–1.29 0.768**
Heard malaria messages (<6 months ago) 0.66 0.49–0.87 0.004* 0.79 0.58–1.07 0.126**
Mother knowns mosquito bites cause malaria 0.49 0.32–0.74 0.001* 0.90 0.64–1.25 0.521**
Mother knows fever is the main sign of malaria 1.70 1.08–2.69 0.023* 1.85 1.26–2.71 0.002*
Mother knowns ITN prevents malaria 1.17 0.92–1.48 0.205** 1.00 0.76–1.32 0.999**
Mother knows mosquito repellant prevents malaria 0.58 0.24–1.40 0.227** 0.22 0.04–1.29 0.094**
Mother knowns mosquito coil prevents malaria 1.33 0.56–3.20 0.517** 0.60 0.16–2.20 0.437**
Mother knowns cutting grass around house prevents malaria 0.86 0.58–1.27 0.451** 0.89 0.51–1.56 0.693**
Mothers knowns children are vulnerable to malaria 0.71 0.51–0.99 0.043* 1.32 0.98–1.78 0.071**
  1. CI confidence interval, KM kilometres, ITN insecticide-treated bed net
  2. * Significant (p ≤ 0.05); ** non significant (p > 0.05)