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Table 1 Retail prices excluding subsidies and parameter values used in numerical simulations

From: Optimal price subsidies for appropriate malaria testing and treatment behaviour

Description Parameter Best estimate Lower bound Upper bound Source
Retail price of monotherapy#,& \(C_{MT}^{{}}\) US$0.3 US$0.1 US$1.6 [3, 44]
Retail price of ACT# \(C_{ACT}^{{}}\) US$3.5 US$1.0 US$10.0 [3, 17]
Retail price of RDT \(C_{RDT}^{{}}\) US$1.8 US$0.5 US$2.93 [3, 17]
Effectiveness of monotherapy& \(E_{MT}\) 50% 20% 70% [45, 46]
Effectiveness of ACT \(E_{ACT}\) 95% 90% 99% [47]
RDT sensitivity \(ss^{RDT}\) 95% 86% 99% [48, 49]
RDT specificity \(sp^{RDT}\) 95% 75% 99.8% [49]
  1. # This price guide reports manufacturer prices and in order to arrive at estimates of retail prices a mark-up of 100% is assumed as found in a market survey [50]
  2. & Non-artemisinin monotherapy