Skip to main content

Table 2 Analysis of physico-chemical parameters of habitats with Anopheles stephensi breeding

From: Does fluoride influence oviposition of Anopheles stephensi in stored water habitats in an urban setting?

Parameters Breeding habitats
Anopheles stephensi alone Anopheles stephensi with other mosquito speciesa
Range Mean ± SD Range Mean ± SD
Temperature (°C) 27–30 29.58 ± 0.9 27–30 28.71 ± 1.38
Turbidity (NT) 0.1–1.4 0.46 ± 0.48 0.1–2.3 0.75 ± 0.69
TDS (mg/L) 174–10,913 2579.17 ± 3909.29 139–3178 684.14 ± 765.58
EC (micromho/cm) 248–15,590 3687.25 ± 5583.08 198–4540 1270.71 ± 1433.76
pH 6.94–8.49 7.52 ± 0.53 6.82–8.72 7.59 ± 0.5
Total alkalinity (mg/L) 60–440 188.67 ± 107.59 72–760 213.71 ± 173.41
Total hardness (mg/L) 80–2800 619 ± 847.58 52–600 211.07 ± 135.66
Nitrite (mg/L) 0–0.37 0.1 ± 0.15 0–1.21 0.13 ± 0.31
Nitrate (mg/L) 1–46 17.17 ± 15.27 1–41 8.64 ± 11.11
Chloride (mg/L) 18–4800 1029 ± 1744.64 13–690 144.07 ± 174.38
Fluoride (mg/L) 0–0.44 0.19 ± 0.14 0–0.72 0.25 ± 0.23
Sulfate (mg/L) 1–239 71.33 ± 91.12 1–310 41.86 ± 80.9
Phosphate (mg/L) 0.07–1.1 0.49 ± 0.31 0–0.82 0.21 ± 0.22
BOD (mg/L) 2–10 4.79 ± 2.62 1.5–30 7.45 ± 8.97
DO (mg/L) 1.5–6.2 3.48 ± 1.52 1.6–20 4.69 ± 4.62
  1. aOther mosquito species includes Anopheles subpictus, Culex quinquefasciatus, Cx. gelidus and Aedes aegypti