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Table 1 Association between medicine retailer demographics and study outcomes

From: Geographically-weighted regression of knowledge and behaviour determinants to anti-malarial recommending and dispensing practice among medicine retailers in western Kenya: capacitating targeted interventions

  % (n) Unadjusted odds ratios and (95% confidence intervals; p values)
Recommended ACTs as malaria treatment for adult patients Recommended ACTs as malaria treatment for under 5 patients Reported selling ACTs more than any other antimalarial
Age
 Under 30 38% (33) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 Between 30 and 40 44% (38) 0.65 (0.25–1.67; 0.371) 1.08 (0.42–2.75; 0.872) 0.99 (0.38–2.54; 0.978)
 Over 40 17% (15) 0.98 (0.28–3.39; 0.968) 0.80 (0.23–2.76; 0.724) 0.90 (0.26–3.13; 0.875)
Gender 
 Female 77% (67) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 Male 23% (20) 1.7 (0.60–4.79; 0.317) 0.59 (0.21–1.66; 0.317) 0.93 (0.34–2.57; 0.887)
Education level
 Secondary or below 32% (28) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 Above secondary 68% (59) 1.1 (0.45–2.71; 0.836) 1.4 (0.56–3.48; 0.475) 1.42 (0.56–3.59; 0.461)
Health qualification type
 Untrained 14% (12) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 Pharmacy 40% (35) 5.75 (1.31–25.29; 0.021)** 1.5 (0.38–5.93; 0.563) 5.29 (1.01–27.75; 0.049)**
 Nurse/midwife 46% (40) 3.67 (0.86–15.59; 0.079)* 2 (0.52–7.72; 0.315) 3.33 (0.64–17.26; 0.151)*
Health qualification level
 Untrained 14% (12) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 Assistant level 25% (22) 3.0 (0.67–14.15; 0.165)* 2.4 (0.55–10.38; 0.241)* 5 (0.88–28.29; 0.07)*
 Professional level 61% (53) 5.37 (1.29–22.26; 0.021)** 1.53 (0.41–5.73; 0.525) 3.83 (0.76–19.22; 0.102)*
Attended malaria workshop
 No 59% (51) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 Yes 41% (35) 1.63 (0.68–3.92; 0.277) 1.64 (0.69–3.91; 0.264) 2.38 (0.98–5.75; 0.055)*
  1. * Significant at p < 0.2
  2. ** Significant at p < 0.05