Skip to main content

Table 3 Association of retail drug shop characteristics and study outcomes

From: Geographically-weighted regression of knowledge and behaviour determinants to anti-malarial recommending and dispensing practice among medicine retailers in western Kenya: capacitating targeted interventions

  % (n) Unadjusted odds ratios and (95% confidence intervals; p values)
Recommended ACTs as malaria treatment for adult patients Recommended ACTs as malaria treatment for under 5 patients Reported selling ACTs more than any other antimalarial
Offers diagnostic testing
 No 90% (78) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 Yes 10% (9) 3.16 (0.62–16.17; 0.167)* 0.58 (0.14–2.5; 0.468) 1.15 (0.29–4.62; 0.844)
Total number of staff
 Only 1 staff member 60% (52) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 2 staff members 32% (28) 1.94 (0.76–5; 0.168)* 1.48 (0.59–3.72; 0.409) 1.74 (0.68–4.41; 0.245)*
 3–6 staff members 7% (6) 5.4 (0.59–49.47; 0.136)* 2.95 (0.5–17.6; 0.235)* 1.74 (0.32–9.48; 0.524)
Open weekends
 Close weekends 17% (15) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 Open weekends 83% (72) 2.1 (0.68–6.53; 0.2)* 1.27 (0.41–3.94; 0.68) 2.2 (0.64–7.57; 0.211)*
Open hours per day
 Fewer than 10 h 60% (52) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 10 or more hours 39% (34) 1.83 (0.75–4.46; 0.181)* 0.51 (0.21–1.23; 0.132)* 1.74 (0.72–4.18; 0.218)*
  1. * Significant at p < 0.2
  2. ** Significant at p < 0.05