Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Association between demographic and behavioural characteristics and exposure to P. falciparum in study participants

From: Malaria epidemiology in central Myanmar: identification of a multi-species asymptomatic reservoir of infection

  Sero-positive (%) Odds ratio (OR) p value Adjusted ORa p value Denominators
Un-weighted Weighted
Gender
 Female 7.1 1.0 (baseline)   1.0   862 871
 Male 12.6 1.9 (1.3–2.8) 0.004 2.1 (1.3–3.4) 0.006 740 731
Age
 0–5 years 0.3 1.0   1.0   162 181
 5–15 years 3.1 9.0 (1.4–58.9)   9.0 (1.3–64.8)   311 292
 15–25 years 3.8 11.2 (1.6–81.5)   12.0 (1.5–94.8)   253 265
 25–50 years 13.0 42.7 (4.0–456.3)   43.8 (3.8–506.3)   541 544
 50–100 years 20.0 71.2 (6.4–796.3) 0.014 71.3 (5.6–904.2) 0.030 335 319
Working in/visiting forests
 No 5.8 1.0   1.0   1454 1454
 Yes 14.7 2.8 (1.5–5.1) 0.002 1.0 (0.6–1.8) 0.979 31 31
Bed net ownership
 Not universal coverage 6.6 1.0   1.0   391 417
 Universal coverage 11.0 1.8 (0.8–3.8) 0.134 1.1 (0.5–2.5) 0.760 1161 1145
Socio-economic status
 Low 11.6 1.0   1.0   506 462
 Medium 11.2 0.9 (0.6–1.5)   0.9 (0.6–1.6)   532 531
 Highest 7.2 0.6 (0.4–0.9) 0.035 0.6 (0.3–0.9) 0.072 512 566
  1. aAdjusted for: age, gender, forest exposure, ethnicity, bed net ownership and socio-economic status