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Table 2 The characteristics of the study subjects by arm and category

From: Efficacy of text-message reminders on paediatric malaria treatment adherence and their post-treatment return to health facilities in Kenya: a randomized controlled trial

  Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 All patients
Control N = 254 Intervention N = 259 Control N = 262 Intervention N = 257 Control N = 333 Intervention N = 312 Control N = 849 Intervention N = 828
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Child characteristics
 Age (months)
  < 12 25 (9.8) 20 (7.7) 25 (9.5) 26 (10.1) 29 (8.7) 36 (11.5) 79 (9.3) 82 (9.9)
  12–59 225 (88.6) 237 (91.5) 234 (89.3) 229 (89.1) 300 (90.1) 270 (86.6) 759 (89.4) 736 (88.9)
  60 4 (1.6) 2 (0.8) 3 (1.2) 2 (0.8) 4 (1.2) 6 (1.9) 11 (1.3) 10 (1.2)
 Male gender 143 (56.3) 144 (55.6) 136 (51.9) 129 (50.2) 175 (52.6) 163 (52.2) 454 (53.5) 436 (52.7)
 Weight (kg)
  < 15 179 (70.5) 177 (68.3) 186 (71.0) 192 (74.7) 230 (69.1) 243 (77.9) 595 (70.1) 612 (73.9)
  15–24 75 (29.5) 82 (31.7) 76 (29.0) 64 (24.9) 103 (30.9) 69 (22.1) 254 (29.9) 215 (26.0)
  ≥ 25 0 0 0 1 (0.4) 0 0 0 1 (0.1)
Temperature ≥37.5 °C 172 (67.7) 178 (68.7) 173 (66.0) 177 (68.9) 242 (72.7) 231 (74.0) 587 (69.1) 586 (70.8)
Parasite density >10,000/µl 188 (74.0) 197 (76.1) 196 (74.8) 187 (72.8) 263 (79.0) 224 (71.8) 647 (76.2) 608 (73.4)
Caregiver characteristics
 Age (years)
  ≤20 41 (16.1) 62 (23.9) 54 (20.6) 57 (22.2) 56 (16.8) 63 (20.2) 151 (17.8) 182 (22.0)
  20–40 years 189 (74.4) 182 (70.3) 195 (74.4) 181 (70.4) 251 (75.4) 238 (76.3) 635 (74.8) 601 (72.5)
  >40 16 (6.3) 12 (4.6) 7 (2.7) 12 (4.7) 15 (4.5) 8 (2.6) 38 (4.5) 32 (3.9)
  Missing age 8 (3.2) 3 (1.2) 6 (2.3) 7 (2.7) 11 (3.3) 3 (0.9) 25 (2.9) 13 (1.6)
 Female gender 238 (93.7) 241 (93.1) 245 (93.5) 246 (95.7) 321 (96.4) 298 (95.5) 804 (94.7) 785 (94.8)
 Relationship to the child
  Mother 225 (88.6) 224 (86.5) 242 (92.4) 233 (90.7) 292 (87.7) 292 (93.6) 759 (89.4) 749 (90.5)
  Father 15 (5.9) 13 (5.0) 10 (3.8) 10 (3.9) 13 (3.9) 12 (3.9) 38 (4.5) 35 (4.2)
  Other 14 (5.5) 22 (8.5) 10 (3.8) 14 (5.4) 28 (8.4) 8 (2.5) 52 (6.1) 44 (5.3)
 Educational level
  No formal education 3 (1.2) 11 (4.3) 8 (3.0) 8 (3.1) 9 (2.7) 10 (3.2) 20 (2.4) 29 (3.5)
  Primary 153 (60.2) 160 (61.8) 163 (62.2) 165 (64.2) 211 (63.4) 198 (63.5) 527 (62.0) 523 (63.2)
  Secondary and above 97 (38.2) 87 (33.6) 88 (33.6) 84 (32.7) 111 (33.3) 104 (33.3) 296 (34.9) 275 (33.2)
  Missing information 1 (0.4) 1 (0.3) 3 (1.2) 0 2 (0.6) 0 6 (0.7) 1 (0.1)
 Phone ownership status
  Personal 193 (76.0) 209 (80.7) 188 (71.8) 193 (75.1) 259 (77.8) 237 (76.0) 640 (75.4) 639 (77.2)
  Shared 61 (24.0) 50 (19.3) 74 (28.2) 64 (24.9) 74 (22.2) 75 (24.0) 209 (24.6) 189 (22.8)