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Table 3 Malaria control measures by site, age group and Plasmodium falciparum infection status

From: An epidemiological study to assess Plasmodium falciparum parasite prevalence and malaria control measures in Burkina Faso and Senegal

Site Age group Malaria control measure used Infected children N = 707 Non-infected children N = 1714 Total N = 2421
N % (95% CI) N % (95% CI) N % (95% CI)
Nouna (Burkina Faso) 6 months–4 years Mosquito net in the night before visit 220 93.6 (89.7, 96.4) 169 98.3 (95.0, 99.6) 389 95.6 (93.1, 97.4)
Mosquito coils over 7 days 17 7.2 (4.3, 11.3) 11 6.4 (3.2, 11.2) 28 6.9 (4.6, 9.8)
Insecticide sprays over 7 days 7 3.0 (1.2, 6.0) 14 8.1 (4.5, 13.3) 21 5.2 (3.2, 7.8)
Commercial repellents over 7 days 1 0.4 (0.0, 2.3) 1 0.6 (0.0, 3.2) 2 0.5 (0.1, 1.8)
Residual spray on interior walls in past 12 months 1 0.4 (0.0, 2.3) 0 0.0 (0.0, 2.1) 1 0.2 (0.0, 1.4)
5–9 years Mosquito net in the night before visit 149 97.4 (93.4, 99.3) 48 96.0 (86.3, 99.5) 197 97.0 (93.7, 98.9)
Mosquito coils over 7 days 17 11.1 (6.6, 17.2) 6 12.0 (4.5, 24.3) 23 11.3 (7.3, 16.5)
Insecticide sprays over 7 days 8 5.2 (2.3, 10.0) 4 8.0 (2.2, 19.2) 12 5.9 (3.1, 10.1)
Commercial repellents over 7 days 2 1.3 (0.2, 4.6) 1 2.0 (0.1, 10.6) 3 1.5 (0.3, 4.3)
Saponé (Burkina Faso) 6 months–4 years Mosquito net in the night before visit 161 96.4 (92.3, 98.7) 219 94.4 (90.6, 97.0) 380 95.2 (92.7, 97.1)
Mosquito coils over 7 days 2 1.2 (0.1, 4.3) 1 0.4 (0.0, 2.4) 3 0.8 (0.2, 2.2)
Commercial repellents over 7 days 1 0.6 (0.0, 3.3) 0 0.0 (0.0, 1.6) 1 0.3 (0.0, 1.4)
Residual spray on interior walls in past 12 months 0 0.0 (0.0, 2.2) 2 0.9 (0.1, 3.1) 2 0.5 (0.1, 1.8)
5–9 years Mosquito net in the night before visit 125 88.7 (82.2, 93.4) 53 88.3 (77.4, 95.2) 178 88.6 (83.3, 92.6)
Mosquito coils over 7 days 2 1.4 (0.2, 5.0) 0 0.0 (0.0, 6.0) 2 1.0 (0.1, 3.5)
Residual spray on interior walls in past 12 months 2 1.4 (0.2, 5.0) 0 0.0 (0.0, 6.0) 2 1.0 (0.1, 3.5)
Keur Socé (Senegal) 6 months–4 years Mosquito net in the night before visit 2 100 (15.8, 100) 275 69.3 (64.5, 73.8) 277 69.4 (64.6, 73.9)
Mosquito coils over 7 days 0 0.0 (0.0, 84.2) 33 8.3 (5.8, 11.5) 33 8.3 (5.8, 11.4)
Insecticide sprays over 7 days 0 0.0 (0.0, 84.2) 26 6.5 (4.3, 9.4) 26 6.5 (4.3, 9.4)
Traditional repellents over 7 days 0 0.0 (0.0, 84.2) 31 7.8 (5.4, 10.9) 31 7.8 (5.3, 10.8)
Residual spray on interior walls in past 12 months 0 0.0 (0.0, 84.2) 12 3.0 (1.6, 5.2) 12 3.0 (1.6, 5.2)
5–9 years Mosquito net in the night before visit 0 0.0 (0.0, 97.5) 132 65.0 (58.0, 71.6) 132 64.7 (57.7, 71.3)
Mosquito coils over 7 days 1 100 (2.5, 100) 18 8.9 (5.3, 13.7) 19 9.3 (5.7, 14.2)
Insecticide sprays over 7 days 0 0.0 (0.0, 97.5) 4 2.0 (0.5, 5.0) 4 2.0 (0.5, 4.9)
Traditional repellents over 7 days 0 0.0 (0.0, 97.5) 20 9.9 (6.1, 14.8) 20 9.8 (6.1, 14.7)
Residual spray on interior walls in past 12 months 0 0.0 (0.0, 97.5) 6 3.0 (1.1, 6.3) 6 2.9 (1.1, 6.3)
Niakhar (Senegal) 6 months–4 years Mosquito net in the night before visit 5 100 (47.8, 100) 323 80.0 (75.7, 83.7) 328 80.2 (76.0, 83.9)
Mosquito coils over 7 days 0 0.0 (0.0, 52.2) 11 2.7 (1.4, 4.8) 11 2.7 (1.4, 4.8)
Insecticide sprays over 7 days 0 0.0 (0.0, 52.2) 1 0.2 (0.0, 1.4) 1 0.2 (0.0, 1.4)
Commercial repellents over 7 days 0 0.0 (0.0, 52.2) 3 0.7 (0.2, 2.2) 3 0.7 (0.2, 2.1)
Traditional repellents over 7 days 1 20.0 (0.5, 71.6) 156 38.6 (33.8, 43.6) 157 38.4 (33.6, 43.3)
Residual spray on interior walls in past 12 months 0 0.0 (0.0, 52.2) 46 11.4 (8.5, 14.9) 46 11.2 (8.4, 14.7)
5–9 years Mosquito net in the night before visit 3 100 (29.2, 100) 139 70.9 (64.0, 77.2) 142 71.4 (64.5, 77.5)
Mosquito coils over 7 days 0 0.0 (0.0, 70.8) 3 1.5 (0.3, 4.4) 3 1.5 (0.3, 4.3)
Insecticide sprays over 7 days 0 0.0 (0.0, 70.8) 1 0.5 (0.0, 2.8) 1 0.5 (0.0, 2.8)
Commercial repellents over 7 days 0 0.0 (0.0, 70.8) 3 1.5 (0.3, 4.4) 3 1.5 (0.3, 4.3)
Traditional repellents over 7 days 2 66.7 (9.4, 99.2) 68 34.7 (28.1, 41.8) 70 35.2 (28.6, 42.2)
Residual spray on interior walls in past 12 months 0 0.0 (0.0, 70.8) 20 10.2 (6.3, 15.3) 20 10.1 (6.2, 15.1)
  1. Infected children children infected with P. falciparum parasitaemia, Non-infected children children not infected with P. falciparum parasitaemia, N total number of participants, n number of children in a given category, % percentage of children in a given category, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, M months, Y years