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Table 3 Mean enzyme activities and enzyme ratios (ER) measured in An. stephensi populations from Afghanistan

From: Evidence of metabolic mechanisms playing a role in multiple insecticides resistance in Anopheles stephensi populations from Afghanistan

Enzyme Population Mean ER ± SE
Alpha esterase Beech 0.000606935 1
Kunar 0.000882944 1.45 ± 0.04
Nangarhar 0.001281330 2.11 ± 0.005
Beta esterase Beech 0.000560930 1
Kunar 0.000912961 1.62 ± 0.06
Nangarhar 0.001039151 1.85 ± 0.02
GST Beech 0.094644126 1
Kunar 0.125687826 1.33 ± 0.05
Nangarhar 0.170861991 1.8 ± 0.025
Cytochrome P450s Beech 0.000056364 1
Kunar 0.000126040 2.23 ± 0.12
Nangarhar 0.000143667 2.54 ± 0.13
pNPA Beech 0.180557226 1
Kunar 0.292412987 1.61 ± 0.09
Nangarhar 0.316713874 1.75 ± 0.013
% AChE inhibition Beech 70.977705297 1
Kunar 56.690061678 0.79 ± 0.02
Nangarhar 51.579518613 0.72 ± 0.05
  1. % AChE inhibition is the percentage of acetylcholine esterase inhibition of the field populations compared with the Beech susceptible strain