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Table 2 Multivariable logistic regression models to determine factors associated with use of malaria prophylaxis tools in pregnancy

From: Predictors of the use of interventions to prevent malaria in pregnancy in Cameroon

Characteristic Bed net ownership (n = 7235) Bed net usage (n = 7239) Use of any prophylaxis medication (n = 7226)
Adjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Age
 Per 10 years 1 (0.9–1.1) 1.1 (0.9–1.2) 1.1 (1–1.2)
Education
 None Ref Ref Ref
 Primary 1.2 (1–1.4) 1.5 (1.1–2.1) 1.3 (1.05–1.6)
 Secondary 0.9 (0.7–1.2) 1.1 (0.7–1.8) 1.5 (1.1–2.1)
Literacy
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 1.2 (1.02–1.5) 1.4 (1.1–1.8) 1.4 (1.1–1.7)
Wealth quintile (lowest to highest)
 1st Ref Ref Ref
 2nd 1 (0.8–1.2) 1 (0.7–1.3) 1.1 (0.9–1.4)
 3rd 0.9 (0.8–1.2) 0.9 (0.7–1.3) 1.1 (0.8–1.3)
 4th 1 (0.7–1.2) 0.9 (0.6–1.2) 1.2 (1–1.6)
 5th 1 (0.8–1.3) 1 (0.7–1.4) 1 (0.7–1.3)
Religion
 Muslim Ref Ref Ref
 Christian 0.9 (0.8–1.1) 1.2 (1–1.6) 0.8 (0.6–0.95)
 Other/none 0.8 (0.7–1.1) 0.9 (0.7–1.4) 0.7 (0.5–0.98)
Parity
 1–2 Ref Ref Ref
 3–4 1 (0.8–1.2) 1 (0.9–1.3) 1.2 (1.02–1.4)
 5+ 1 (0.8–1.3) 1 (0.8–1.3) 1 (0.8–1.2)
# Children under five at home
 0 Ref Ref Ref
 1–2 1.9 (1.5–2.5) 2.3 (1.6–3.3) 1.1 (0.8–1.4)
 3+ 2.3 (1.7–3.1) 2 (1.3–3) 1.1 (0.8–1.4)
Relationship status
 Married Ref Ref Ref
 Living with partner 0.8 (0.7–1) 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 0.8 (0.7–0.97)
 Widowed, divorced or separated 0.8 (0.6–1) 0.6 (0.4–0.8) 0.8 (0.6–1.1)
 Never in union 0.8 (0.7–1) 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 0.7 (0.6–0.9)
Transportation
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 1.2 (1.1–1.4) 1 (0.8–1.1) 1 (0.9–1.2)
Current contraception
 None Ref Ref Ref
 Traditional 1.2 (1.01–1.5) 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 1.1 (0.9–1.4)
 Modern 1 (0.8–1.2) 1 (0.8–1.2) 1 (0.9–1.2)
Visited health facility in past year
 No Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 1.1 (1–1.3) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.3 (1.1–1.5)
Total ANC visits
 0 Ref Ref Ref
 1–2 1.4 (1.03–1.8) 2 (1.4–2.8) 10.3 (7.2–14.6)
 3 1.3 (1.1–1.7) 1.8 (1.2–2.6) 14.6 (10.6–20.2)
 4+ 1.6 (1.3–1.9) 2 (1.4–2.8) 17.8 (13–24.5)
Delivery location
 Home Ref Ref Ref
 Facility 1 (0.8–1.2) 1.3 (1.1–1.7) 1 (0.8–1.2)
  1. Multivariable logistic regression models were adjusted for weighting, clustering and stratification. All variables in the table were included in the model
  2. Ref referent value, SP sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine, OR odds ratio