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Table 2 Side effects, antidotes and contra-indications of some plants used for traditional malaria treatment in Ethiopia

From: Systematic review on traditional medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria in Ethiopia: trends and perspectives

Species Side effects Antidotes Contra-indication
Croton macrostachyus Diarrhoea, vomiting, headache, urination Teff injera and porridge Pregnant women
Hagenia abyssinica Vomiting and diarrhoea Shiro Wot  
Aloe sp. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea Pregnant women
Euphorbia abyssinica Headache, diarrhoea, vomiting Coffee and milk, red teff porridge, a lot of aguat Pregnant women
Anethum graveolens Vomiting, nausea, diarrhoea
Asparagus africanus Vomiting, nausea, diarrhoea
Aloe otallensis Vomiting and diarrhoea Honey
Cadaba farinose Headache Shoforo
Canthium pseudosetiflorum Vomiting Shoforo
Cyperus distans Nausea and vomiting Shoforo
Hypoestes forskaoli Headache, heartburn, nausea/vomiting and nightmare Juice of Sansevieria ehrenbergii
Phytolacca dodecandra Vomiting and diarrhoea Milk, red teff porridge, coffee, Tela Children, pregnant women, patient with hepatitis
Justice schimperiana Vomiting and diarrhoea Milk, red teff porridge Children, pregnant women
Andrachne aspera Pregnant women
Gnidia involucrata Patient with hepatitis, babies/old people, pregnant women
Ajuga integrifolia Vomiting and diarrhoea Boiled coffee, milk or barley soup Pregnant women, physically weak person