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Table 3 Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents seeking care at drug shops in intervention and comparison arms at baseline (2013) and end-line (2015) in South Western Uganda

From: Integrated community case management by drug sellers influences appropriate treatment of paediatric febrile illness in South Western Uganda: a quasi-experimental study

Background characteristics Baseline (2013) End-line (2015)
Intervention arm (%) Comparison arm (%) p value Intervention arm (%) Comparison arm (%) p value
N = 212 N = 216 N = 285 N = 268
Care-seeker/child characteristics
 Categorical variables
  Child’s symptom or sign
   Fever 128 (60.4) 111 (51.4) 0.215 172 (61.2) 112 (43.2) 0.165
   Cough 133 (62.7) 148 (68.5) 0.340 191 (68.0) 148 (57.0) 0.077
   Rapid or difficult breathing 44 (20.8) 42 (19.4) 0.855 133 (47.3) 26 (10.0) < 0.001
   Diarrhoea 70 (33.0) 44 (20.4) 0.030 60 (21.4) 42 (16.2) 0.266
   Other symptom 58 (27.4) 43 (19.9) 0.376 91 (32.4) 71 (27.4) 0.525
  Child’s sex
   Female 118 (55.7) 111 (51.4) 0.421 128 (46.4) 146 (56.8) 0.079
  Care-seeker’s sex
   Female 162 (76.4) 173 (80.1) 0.558 242 (87.7) 208 (80.9) 0.364
   Whether respondent had ever attended school 196 (92.5) 209 (96.8) 0.161 243 (88.0) 225 (87.6) 0.928
  Highest level of school    0.164    0.843
   Primary 123 (58.6) 109 (50.5)   126 (44.2) 104 (38.8)  
   O-level 59 (28.1) 76 (35.2) 90 (31.6) 85 (31.7)  
   A-level and higher 12 (5.7) 24 (11.1) 21 (7.4) 36 (13.4)  
   None 18 (8.5) 7 (3.2) 48 (16.8) 43 (16.0)  
  Respondent’s occupation    0.145    0.729
   Unemployed 9 (4.2) 41 (19.0)   39 (13.7) 24 (9.0)  
   Housewife 25 (11.9) 53 (24.5) 94 (33.0) 56 (20.9)  
   Self employed 92 (43.8) 87 (40.3) 76 (26.7) 110 (41.0)  
   Civil servant 6 (2.8) 5 (2.3) 11 (3.9) 12 (4.5)  
   Other 80 (38.1) 30 (13.9) 65 (22.7) 66 (24.6)  
  Perceived severity of illness    0.504    0.866
   Very severe 41 (19.3) 26 (12.0)   35 (12.7) 35 (13.6)  
   Moderately severe 104 (49.1) 114 (52.8) 188 (68.1) 164 (63.8)  
   Not severe 67 (31.6) 76 (35.2) 53 (19.2) 58 (22.6)  
   Time illness was noticed    0.086    0.627
   Less than 24 h 46 (21.7) 90 (41.7)   81 (29.4) 75 (29.2)  
   Between 24 and 48 h ago 75 (35.4) 82 (38.0) 105 (38.0) 125 (48.6)  
   More than 48 h ago 78 (36.8) 43 (19.9) 88 (31.9) 56 (21.8)  
   Do not know 13 (6.1) 1 (0.46) 2 (0.72) 1 (0.39)  
  Sought care elsewhere prior to drug shop visit 59 (27.8) 52 (24.1) 0.628 53 (19.2) 57 (22.2) 0.736
  How care-seeker decided to buy medicine    0.010    0.003
   Knew medicine or was advised by friend 25 (26.3) 53 (38.4)   29 (27.4) 55 (44.0)  
   Advised by drug seller 70 (73.7) 85 (61.6)   77 (72.6) 70 (56.0)  
 Continuous variables
  Mean age of child (in months) 23.5 (20.0–27.0) 21.5 (17.1–25.9) 0.432 21.7 (19.2–24.2) 25.8 (23.1–28.4) 0.990
  Mean caretaker age (in years) 30.3 (28.9–31.8) 28.0 (26.5–29.8) 0.034 29.3 (27.8–30.7) 30.8 (29.2–32.3) 0.939
 Drug shop characteristics
  Reason for seeking care at drug shop
   Short distance to drug shop 70 (33.0) 138 (63.9) 0.024 132 (47.8) 193 (75.1) 0.013
   Open all time 36 (17.0) 106 (49.1) 0.009 85 (30.8) 118 (45.9) 0.176
   Can borrow medicine 33 (15.6) 82 (38.0) 0.019 103 (37.3) 92 (35.8) 0.881
   Drug seller is my friend 37 (17.5) 69 (31.9) 0.098 156 (56.5) 96 (37.4) 0.050
   Regular supply of drugs 51 (24.1) 157 (72.7) < 0.001 92 (33.3) 128 (49.8) 0.180
   Good customer service 76 (35.9) 133 (61.6) 0.041 164 (59.4) 163 (63.4) 0.730
   Recommended to me 11 (5.2) 30 (13.9) 0.099 94 (34.0) 30 (11.7) 0.056
   Has good or trained staff 32 (15.1) 118 (54.6) 0.008 123 (44.6) 129 (50.2) 0.667
   Other 21 (10.0) 8 (3.7) 0.234 18 (6.5) 6 (2.3) 0.328
  Time to get to drug shop (min)    0.012    < 0.001
   < 15 67 (31.8) 94 (43.5)   95 (34.4) 124 (48.3)  
   15–30 81 (38.4) 70 (32.4)   86 (31.2) 95 (37.0)  
   30–60 41 (19.4) 35 (16.2)   67 (24.3) 30 (11.7)  
   > 60 22 (10.4) 17 (7.9)   28 (10.1) 8 (3.1)  
  If care-seeker paid for diagnostic tests 51 (19.0) 195 (90.7) < 0.001 26 (9.4) 1 (0.4) < 0.001
  Ability to meet treatment costs 50 (89.3) 175 (92.6) 0.293 259 (93.8) 249 (96.9) 0.071