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Table 1 Malaria clustering using the retrospective temporal analysis

From: Spatial and temporal dynamics of malaria in Madagascar

Stratum Year Time frame Observed cases Expected cases RR LLR p value
East 2010 January–June 80,029 57,009.05 2.33 9460.98 0.001
2011 January–May 89,233 65,968.38 1.80 6860.41 0.001
2012 January–April 152,613 83,303.54 3.11 39,813.28 0.001
2013 January–April 84,064 57,507.62 1.89 86,18.87 0.001
2014 January–March 128,165 75,309.53 2.21 21,888.52 0.001
West 2010 February–July 62,405 5,0907.61 1.58 2594.22 0.001
2011 January–June 30,105 2,4281.27 1.62 1396.91 0.001
2012 April–June 36,545 2,4390.73 1.79 3684.61 0.001
2013 February–June 97,494 73,479.45 1.72 6528.77 0.001
2014 February–March 15,949 12,562.15 1.34 509.90 0.001
South 2010 February–June 6970 4870.27 2.05 752.07 0.001
2011 February–June 6097 3883.56 2.61 1050.38 0.001
2012 April–June 9747 5023.40 2.82 2563.01 0.001
2013 January–May 17,980 10,078.53 3.99 5266.30 0.001
2014 January–April 8746 5041.32 2.71 1878.97 0.001
Fringe 2010 January–June 24,482 17,763.29 2.19 2577.61 0.001
2011 January-June 14,134 9089.67 3.42 2926.86 0.001
2012 January–May 9400 6168.46 2.43 1422.14 0.001
2013 January–May 27,258 15,265.07 4.01 8011.42 0.001
2014 January–May 13,222 7770.09 3.37 3229.23 0.001
Highlands 2010 January–June 16,556 13,839.81 1.48 531.55 0.001
2011 January–June 12,161 9779.45 1.64 580.18 0.001
2012 January–May 7504 4978.21 2.36 1076.06 0.001
2013 January–May 9092 5479.44 3.10 2004.89 0.001
2014 January–May 10,199 6629.93 2.48 1608.58 0.001
  1. RR relative risk, LLR log likelihood ratio