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Table 1 Summary of the point estimates characterizing the association of malaria risk with malaria control interventions

From: The associations between malaria, interventions, and the environment: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Country Effect measure Indicator ITN or nets (95% CI) IRS (95% CI) ACT (95% CI)
Adigun [39] Nigeria OR Proportion with access to ITN in the household 0.86 (0.51, 1.48)    
Bennett [40] Zambia OR ITN ownership 0.74 (0.64, 0.86) 0.30 (0.18, 0.51)  
Chirombo [41] Malawi OR ITN use 0.57 (0.43, 0.76)   
Dhimal [46] Nepal RR LLIN coverage 0.75 (0.62, 0.92) NR  
Diboulo [49]a Burkina Fasso OR Bednet use 1.66 (0.89, 3.08) 1.14 (0.17, 7.23) 1.45 (0.49, 4.21)
Diboulo [49]a Burkina Fasso OR Bednet use 0.25 (− 0.37, 0.90) 0.11 (− 1.75, 1.70) 0.13 (− 1.49, 1.67)
Giardina [42] Senegal OR Presence of at least one bed net per 2 HH members 0.14 (0.03, 0.7)   
Gosoniu [43] Tanzania OR Bednet ownership 0.92 (0.75, 1.13) 1.17 (0.33, 3.63)  
Graves [47]b Eritrea NS Monthly numbers of new and old nets impregnated 1.00 1.00 (per kg of DDT) 1.00 (per kg of Malathion)  
Graves [47]b Eritrea NS Monthly numbers of new and old nets impregnated 1.00 NR  
Lowe [44] Malawi OR ITN distribution rate NR   
Riedel [45] Zambia OR Presence of at least one bed net in HH 0.60 (0.39, 0.88) 1.73 (0.42, 6.90)  
Thomson [48] Gambia NS Bednet use 0.51   
  1. NR not reported, NS not specified, OR odd ratio, RR risk ratio
  2. aDiboulo et al. studied interventions at national and district level
  3. bGraves et al. studied interventions in two different areas (Gash Barka Zoba and Anseba Zoba)