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Table 1 Characteristics of participants by place of delivery and association with non-institutional delivery

From: Uptake of intermittent preventive treatment and pregnancy outcomes: health facilities and community surveys in Chókwè district, southern Mozambique

Variable N Place of delivery OR 95% CI P value AOR 95% CI P value
Health facility
(n = 914)
Home
(n = 227)
n [%] n [%]
Age
 < 20 380 345 [37.8] 35 [15.4] Ref.   Ref.  
 ≥ 20 761 569 [62.2] 192 [84.6] 3.3 [2.2–4.8] < 0.001 1.3 [0.5–2.2] 0.712
Gravidity
 Primigravidae (1) 427 395 [43.2] 32 [14.1] Ref.   Ref.  
 Multigravidae (≥ 2) 714 519 [56.8] 195 [85.9] 4.6 [3.1–6.8]   2.3 [1.2–4.6] 0.017
Place of residence
 Urban 806 731 [80.0] 75 [33.0] Ref.   Ref.  
 Rural 335 183 [20.0] 152 [67.0] 8.1 [5.9–11.2] < 0.001 3.2 [2.1–4.9] < 0.001
Marital status
 Single 294 236 [25.8] 58 [25.5] 0.9 [0.7–1.3] 0.934  
 Married/cohabiting 847 678 [7402] 169 [74.5] Ref.    
Education
 None/primary school 674 477 [52.2] 197 [86.8] 6.0 [4.0–9.0] < 0.001 2.3 [1.4–3.7] < 0.001
 Secondary/high school 467 437 [47.8] 30 [13.2] Ref.   Ref.  
Occupation
 Unemployed 882 802 [87.6] 80 [35.2] 1.4 [0.5–3.7] 0.414 1.3 [0.5–3.6] 0.503
 Agro-livestock 180 38 [4.2] 142 [62.6] 55.3 [20–146] < 0.001 21.2 [7.6–59.1] < 0.001
 Employed/self employed 79 74 [8.1] 5 [2.2] Ref.   Ref.  
Bed net use
 Yes 1055 844 [92.3] 211 [92.9] Ref.    
 No 86 70 [7.7] 16 [7.1] 0.9 [0.5–1.6] 0.755  
Timing of first ANC visit (weeks)
 < 28 1055 841 [92.0] 214 [94.3] Ref.    
 ≥ 28 86 73 [8.0] 13 [5.7] 0.6 [0.3–1.2] 0.251  
Reported malaria pregnancy
 No 1001 810 [88.6] 191 [84.1] Ref.   Ref.  
 Yes 140 104 [11.3] 36 [15.9] 1.4 [0.9–2.2] 0.067 1.3 [0.7–2.2] 0.338
Ever heard about IPTp-SP
 Yes 251 713 [78.0] 177 [77.9] Ref.    
 No 890 201 [22.0] 50 [22.1] 1.0 [0.7–1.4] 0.991  
  1. CI confidence interval, ANC antenatal care, OR odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, Ref. reference category
  2. Significant P values are presented in italics