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Table 4 Baseline characteristics of study participants at individual level

From: Effectiveness of pregnant women’s active participation in their antenatal care for the control of malaria and anaemia in pregnancy in Ghana: a cluster randomized controlled trial

Characteristics Control (N = 845) Intervention (N = 818) Total
n % n % n %
Parity
 0 295 34.95 215 26.28 510 30.69
 1 195 23.10 191 23.35 386 23.23
 ≥ 2 354 41.94 412 50.37 766 46.09
Gravidity
 1 238 28.20 176 21.52 414 24.91
 2 189 22.39 182 22.25 371 22.32
 ≥ 3 417 49.41 460 56.23 877 52.77
Gestation at first ANC visit
 First 324 38.57 260 31.86 584 35.27
 Second 414 49.29 451 55.27 865 52.23
 Third 102 12.14 105 12.87 207 12.5
 Mean (SD) gestational age 15.93 7.12 17.08 6.74   
Age group
 Under 20 125 14.81 134 16.38 259 15.58
 20–29 470 55.69 423 51.71 893 53.73
 30 and above 249 29.50 261 31.91 510 30.69
 Mean age (SD) 26.29 6.37 26.44 6.64   
Educational level
 None 87 10.32 127 15.54 214 12.89
 Basic 617 73.19 611 74.79 1228 73.98
 Post basic 139 16.49 79 9.67 218 13.13
ITN ownership
 Yes 574 68.09 665 81.3 1239 74.59
ITN use
 Yes 341 40.45 470 57.46 811 48.83
IPT-SP served
 Yes 239 28.35 294 36.16 533 32.19
Anaemia
 Yes 381 45.14 403 49.27 784 47.17
 Mean haemoglobin (SD) (g/dl) 11.03 (1.46) 10.99 (1.44)   
Parasitaemia
 Yes 64 7.69 111 13.70 175 10.66
 GMPD (95% CI) 653.45 (481.56–886.68) 442.76 (332.01–590.46)