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Table 1 Description of variables research (%) within the categorical variable: malaria prevalence, characteristics of participants, the accessibility and utilization of health service, environmental sanitation, the behaviour of participants, and the location of cages of livestock

From: Does livestock protect from malaria or facilitate malaria prevalence? A cross-sectional study in endemic rural areas of Indonesia

Variable research with n = 259,885 Proportion (%) 95% CI
Lower Upper
The dependent variable
 Malaria prevalence
  0. No 96.53 0.963 0.967
  1. Yes 3.47 0.033 0.037
The independent variables
 Sex
  0. Male 49.29 0.491 0.495
  1. Female 50.71 0.505 0.509
 Age (years)
  0. Productive age (15–64 years) 60.09 0.598 0.604
  1. Not productive age (< 15 and > 64 years) 39.91 0.396 0.402
 Education
  0. Completed high school 12.42 0.12 0.128
  1. High school not completed 63.98 0.636 0.644
  2. < 10 years of age 23.60 0.234 0.238
 Main occupation
  0. Other occupation 45.43 0.449 0.46
  1. Farmer/fisherman/labourer 30.97 0.304 0.315
  2. < 10 years of age 23.60 0.234 0.238
 The time to reach the nearest hospital
  0. < 60 min 93.18 0.925 0.938
  1. > 60 min 6.82 0.062 0.075
 The time to reach the nearest community health facilities
  0. < 60 min 95.24 0.947 0.957
  1. > 60 min 4.76 0.043 0.053
 The type of container/media used
  0. Closed container 62.57 0.614 0.637
  1. Others 37.43 0.363 0.386
 The sewage canal
  0. Closed container in the yard 5.52 0.051 0.06
  1. Others 94.48 0.94 0.949
 The condition of sewage canal
  0. Closed canal 9.92 0.094 0.105
  1. Others 90.08 0.895 0.906
 Mosquito nets
  0. Yes 43.99 0.428 0.452
  1. No 55.22 0.54 0.564
  2. No answer 0.79 0.007 0.009
 Insecticide-treated bed net
  0. Yes 11.43 0.107 0.122
  1. No 29.01 0.279 0.301
  2. No answer 59.56 0.584 0.607
 The habit of defecate  
  0. Yes 44.29 0.433 0.453
  1. No 32.11 0.312 0.33
  2. < 10 years of age 23.60 0.234 0.238
 Raising large-sized breeding animals (cows, buffaloes, horses)
  0. No have 89.84 0.892 0.904
  1. Cage inside the house 0.52 0.004 0.007
  2. Cage outside the house 9.64 0.091 0.102
 Raising medium-sized breeding animals (goats, sheep, pigs)
  0. No have 77.78 0.768 0.788
  1. Cage inside the house 1.63 0.014 0.019
  2. Cage outside the house 20.59 0.197 0.215