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Table 2 The logistic regression analysis associated with the prevalence of malaria in rural highly malaria-endemic endemic areas in 15 provinces of Indonesia, with n = 259,885

From: Does livestock protect from malaria or facilitate malaria prevalence? A cross-sectional study in endemic rural areas of Indonesia

Risk factor P-value Unadjusted P-value Adjusted
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Sex
 Male versus female 0.000 0.849 (0.811–0.888) 0.000 0.842 (0.804–0.882)
Age (years)
 Productive age (15–64 years) versus not productive age (< 15 and > 64 years) 0.000 0.861 (0.812–0.912) 0.000 0.837 (0.790–0.887)
Community health facility
 < 60 min versus > 60 min 0.000 1.633 (1.2512.131) 0.005 1.446 (1.1201.866)
The condition of sewage canal
 Close canal versus others 0.001 1.250 (1.0951.427) 0.015 1.177 (1.0331.343)
Mosquito nets
 Yes versus not 0.000 0.805 (0.727–0.890) 0.157* 0.879 (0.736–1.051)
 Yes versus others 0.002 1.911 (1.2732.868) 0.005 1.838 (1.2082.797)
Insecticide-treated bed net
 Yes versus not 0.000 0.508 (0.439–0.588) 0.000 0.509 (0.440–0.589)
 Yes versus others 0.000 0.527 (0.457–0.608) 0.000 0.590 (0.481–0.725)
Raising medium-sized breeding animals
 Not have versus inside 0.000 2.980 (2.3483.782) 0.000 2.809 (2.2073.575)
 Not have versus outside 0.000 1.713 (1.5151.937) 0.000 1.643 (1.4601.849)
  1. Risk factors with P < 0.001 or P < 0.05 and OR > 1 are shown in italic face
  2. *P > 0.05 a confounding factor